Towards more effective robotic gait training for stroke rehabilitation: a review

Andrew Pennycott, Dario Wyss, Heike Vallery, Verena Klamroth-Marganska, Robert Riener

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

137 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background

Stroke is the most common cause of disability in the developed world and can severely degrade walking function. Robot-driven gait therapy can provide assistance to patients during training and offers a number of advantages over other forms of therapy. These potential benefits do not, however, seem to have been fully realised as of yet in clinical practice.

Objectives

This review determines ways in which robot-driven gait technology could be improved in order to achieve better outcomes in gait rehabilitation.

Methods

The literature on gait impairments caused by stroke is reviewed, followed by research detailing the different pathways to recovery. The outcomes of clinical trials investigating robot-driven gait therapy are then examined. Finally, an analysis of the literature focused on the technical features of the robot-based devices is presented. This review thus combines both clinical and technical aspects in order to determine the routes by which robot-driven gait therapy could be further developed.

Conclusions

Active subject participation in robot-driven gait therapy is vital to many of the potential recovery pathways and is therefore an important feature of gait training. Higher levels of subject participation and challenge could be promoted through designs with a high emphasis on robotic transparency and sufficient degrees of freedom to allow other aspects of gait such as balance to be incorporated.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)65
Number of pages1
JournalJournal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Sep 2012

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