Toward Renewable-Based, Food-Applicable Prebiotics from Biomass: A One-Step, Additive-Free, Microwave-Assisted Hydrothermal Process for the Production of High Purity Xylo-oligosaccharides from Beech Wood Hemicellulose

Javier Remón, Tianzong Li, Christopher J. Chuck, Avtar S. Matharu, James H. Clark

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Xylooligosaccharides (XOS) produced from biomass offer a plethora of excellent physicochemical and physiological properties to be used as natural prebiotic nutraceuticals. Herein, this work first addresses and optimizes a novel one-pot, additive-free, microwave-assisted process to produce high purity XOS from beech wood hemicellulose, studying the influence of the temperature, reaction time, and solid loading. These variables exerted a significant influence, allowing the transformation of hemicellulose into a gas (0-19%), an XOS-rich liquid product (9-80%) and a spent solid material (17-90%). The liquid phase consisted of a mixture of XOS with a degree of polymerization (DP) DP > 6 (75-100 C-wt %) and DP 3-6 (0-10 C-wt %), together with mono/disaccharides (0-1 C-wt %), carboxylic acids (0-5 C-wt %), ketones (0-12 C-wt %) and furans (0-12 C-wt %). A good compromise between the liquid yield (81%) and XOS purity (96 C-wt %) was achieved at 172 °C using a solid loading of 5 wt % for 47 min. This time could be reduced (33 min) and the solid loading increased (25 wt %) without substantially altering the XOS (98 C-wt %) purity, although the liquid yield was reduced. The liquid yield could be increased up to 97% at the expenses of XOS purity (90 C-wt %) at 177 °C using a 5 wt % solid loading for 60 min. For these optima, the microwave production costs shifted between 1.42 and 6.50 €/kg XOS, which is substantially lower than the XOS market price, thus highlighting the high potential of this emerging technology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16160-16172
Number of pages13
JournalACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering
Volume7
Issue number19
Early online date20 Sep 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Oct 2019

Keywords

  • Biomass
  • Hydrolysis
  • Microwaves
  • Renewable prebiotics
  • Xylooligosaccharides

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Cite this

@article{03dcb031951448028cd2d1c40dfc3906,
title = "Toward Renewable-Based, Food-Applicable Prebiotics from Biomass: A One-Step, Additive-Free, Microwave-Assisted Hydrothermal Process for the Production of High Purity Xylo-oligosaccharides from Beech Wood Hemicellulose",
abstract = "Xylooligosaccharides (XOS) produced from biomass offer a plethora of excellent physicochemical and physiological properties to be used as natural prebiotic nutraceuticals. Herein, this work first addresses and optimizes a novel one-pot, additive-free, microwave-assisted process to produce high purity XOS from beech wood hemicellulose, studying the influence of the temperature, reaction time, and solid loading. These variables exerted a significant influence, allowing the transformation of hemicellulose into a gas (0-19{\%}), an XOS-rich liquid product (9-80{\%}) and a spent solid material (17-90{\%}). The liquid phase consisted of a mixture of XOS with a degree of polymerization (DP) DP > 6 (75-100 C-wt {\%}) and DP 3-6 (0-10 C-wt {\%}), together with mono/disaccharides (0-1 C-wt {\%}), carboxylic acids (0-5 C-wt {\%}), ketones (0-12 C-wt {\%}) and furans (0-12 C-wt {\%}). A good compromise between the liquid yield (81{\%}) and XOS purity (96 C-wt {\%}) was achieved at 172 °C using a solid loading of 5 wt {\%} for 47 min. This time could be reduced (33 min) and the solid loading increased (25 wt {\%}) without substantially altering the XOS (98 C-wt {\%}) purity, although the liquid yield was reduced. The liquid yield could be increased up to 97{\%} at the expenses of XOS purity (90 C-wt {\%}) at 177 °C using a 5 wt {\%} solid loading for 60 min. For these optima, the microwave production costs shifted between 1.42 and 6.50 €/kg XOS, which is substantially lower than the XOS market price, thus highlighting the high potential of this emerging technology.",
keywords = "Biomass, Hydrolysis, Microwaves, Renewable prebiotics, Xylooligosaccharides",
author = "Javier Rem{\'o}n and Tianzong Li and Chuck, {Christopher J.} and Matharu, {Avtar S.} and Clark, {James H.}",
year = "2019",
month = "10",
day = "7",
doi = "10.1021/acssuschemeng.9b03096",
language = "English",
volume = "7",
pages = "16160--16172",
journal = "ACS Sustainable Chemisty and Engineering",
issn = "2168-0485",
publisher = "American Chemical Society",
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T1 - Toward Renewable-Based, Food-Applicable Prebiotics from Biomass

T2 - A One-Step, Additive-Free, Microwave-Assisted Hydrothermal Process for the Production of High Purity Xylo-oligosaccharides from Beech Wood Hemicellulose

AU - Remón, Javier

AU - Li, Tianzong

AU - Chuck, Christopher J.

AU - Matharu, Avtar S.

AU - Clark, James H.

PY - 2019/10/7

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N2 - Xylooligosaccharides (XOS) produced from biomass offer a plethora of excellent physicochemical and physiological properties to be used as natural prebiotic nutraceuticals. Herein, this work first addresses and optimizes a novel one-pot, additive-free, microwave-assisted process to produce high purity XOS from beech wood hemicellulose, studying the influence of the temperature, reaction time, and solid loading. These variables exerted a significant influence, allowing the transformation of hemicellulose into a gas (0-19%), an XOS-rich liquid product (9-80%) and a spent solid material (17-90%). The liquid phase consisted of a mixture of XOS with a degree of polymerization (DP) DP > 6 (75-100 C-wt %) and DP 3-6 (0-10 C-wt %), together with mono/disaccharides (0-1 C-wt %), carboxylic acids (0-5 C-wt %), ketones (0-12 C-wt %) and furans (0-12 C-wt %). A good compromise between the liquid yield (81%) and XOS purity (96 C-wt %) was achieved at 172 °C using a solid loading of 5 wt % for 47 min. This time could be reduced (33 min) and the solid loading increased (25 wt %) without substantially altering the XOS (98 C-wt %) purity, although the liquid yield was reduced. The liquid yield could be increased up to 97% at the expenses of XOS purity (90 C-wt %) at 177 °C using a 5 wt % solid loading for 60 min. For these optima, the microwave production costs shifted between 1.42 and 6.50 €/kg XOS, which is substantially lower than the XOS market price, thus highlighting the high potential of this emerging technology.

AB - Xylooligosaccharides (XOS) produced from biomass offer a plethora of excellent physicochemical and physiological properties to be used as natural prebiotic nutraceuticals. Herein, this work first addresses and optimizes a novel one-pot, additive-free, microwave-assisted process to produce high purity XOS from beech wood hemicellulose, studying the influence of the temperature, reaction time, and solid loading. These variables exerted a significant influence, allowing the transformation of hemicellulose into a gas (0-19%), an XOS-rich liquid product (9-80%) and a spent solid material (17-90%). The liquid phase consisted of a mixture of XOS with a degree of polymerization (DP) DP > 6 (75-100 C-wt %) and DP 3-6 (0-10 C-wt %), together with mono/disaccharides (0-1 C-wt %), carboxylic acids (0-5 C-wt %), ketones (0-12 C-wt %) and furans (0-12 C-wt %). A good compromise between the liquid yield (81%) and XOS purity (96 C-wt %) was achieved at 172 °C using a solid loading of 5 wt % for 47 min. This time could be reduced (33 min) and the solid loading increased (25 wt %) without substantially altering the XOS (98 C-wt %) purity, although the liquid yield was reduced. The liquid yield could be increased up to 97% at the expenses of XOS purity (90 C-wt %) at 177 °C using a 5 wt % solid loading for 60 min. For these optima, the microwave production costs shifted between 1.42 and 6.50 €/kg XOS, which is substantially lower than the XOS market price, thus highlighting the high potential of this emerging technology.

KW - Biomass

KW - Hydrolysis

KW - Microwaves

KW - Renewable prebiotics

KW - Xylooligosaccharides

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