Topological Ordering and Viscosity in the Glass-Forming Ge-Se System: The Search for a Structural or Dynamical Signature of the Intermediate Phase

Anita Zeidler, Philip Salmon, Dean Whittaker, Keiron Pizzey, Alex C Hannon

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Abstract

The topological ordering of the network structure in vitreous GexSe1-x was investigated across most of the glass-forming region (0 < x < 0.4) by using high resolution neutron diffraction to measure the Bhatia-Thornton number-number partial structure factor. This approach gives access to the composition dependence of the mean coordination number n and correlation lengths associated with the network ordering. The thermal properties of the samples were also measured by using temperature-modulated differential scanning calorimetry. The results do not point to a structural origin of the so-called intermediate phase, which in our work is indicated for the composition range 0.175(8) < x < 0.235(8) by a vanishingly-small non-reversing enthalpy near the glass transition. The midpoint of this range coincides with the mean-field expectation of a floppy-to-rigid transition at x = 0.20. The composition dependence of the liquid viscosity, as taken from the literature, was also investigated to look for a dynamical origin of the intermediate phase, using the Mauro-Yue-Ellison-Gupta-Allan (MYEGA) model to estimate the viscosity at the liquidus temperature. The evidence points to a maximum in the viscosity at the liquidus temperature, and a minimum in the fragility index, for the range 0.20 < x < 0.22. The utility of the intermediate phase as a predictor of the material properties in network glass-forming systems is discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Article number32
Number of pages15
JournalFrontiers in Materials
Volume4
Issue number32
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Nov 2017

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