Tobacco advertising, promotion, and sponsorship ban adoption: A pilot study of the reporting challenges faced by low- and middle-income countries

Arsenis Tselengidis, Sarah Dance, Sally Adams, Becky Freeman, Jo Cranwell

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2 Citations (SciVal)


The WHO Framework Convention for Tobacco Control (FCTC) Secretariat has identified issues with Article 13 (Tobacco Advertising, Promotion and Sponsorship) Party policy progress reporting, whilst some researchers remain skeptical of the completeness and accuracy of the data collected as part of the required reporting questionnaire. Gaining a deeper understanding of the challenges encountered when completing these questionnaires could provide insights to improve WHO FCTC progress reporting.

Qualitative semi-structured interviews were conducted between January and June 2021, with nine national tobacco control focal point (NFP) individuals (designates who report on WHO FCTC implementation on the Party’s behalf) from low- and middle-income countries. The study analysis used a thematic framework approach involving data familiarization, thematic framework construction, indexing and refining, mapping and interpretation of the results.

The analysis generated four themes: 1) use of different resources, 2) presence of compounding complexities, 3) use of supporting mechanisms employed for tackling the challenges, and 4) recommendations for refinements within the questionnaire and for those completing it.

The WHO FCTC reporting questionnaire needs improvements that could be piloted and discussed between the Convention Secretariat and the Parties prior to wide scale implementation.
Original languageEnglish
Article number10
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalTobacco Induced Diseases
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 23 Jan 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors have each completed and submitted an ICMJE form for disclosure of potential conflicts of interest. The authors declare that they have no competing interests, financial or otherwise, related to the current work. A. Tselengidis reports that since the initial planning of the work he was a member/PhD student of the STOP project at University of Bath from 26/04/2019 to present. STOP is funded by Bloomberg Philanthropies. In addition he acknowledges the support of a University of Bath PhD Studentship from 26/04/2019 to present, and he reports that STOP/University of Bath staff member gave support for piloting interview guide (Raouf Alebshehy) and that FCTC Secretariat member supported him to approach potential participants (Leticia Martinez Lopez). S. Dance reports that since the initial planning of the work she acknowledges receipt of support from Bloomberg Philanthropies’ Stopping Tobacco Organizations and Products funding from 02/08/2020 to 30/09/2022. Furthermore she reports that in the past 36 months she acknowledges support from Cancer Research UK 'Harnessing Big Data Alongside Investigative Methods: Investigating Tobacco Industry Conduct in an Era of Political Uncertainty' project funding, from 02/03/2020 to 31/07/2020 and support from a University of Bath PhD Studentship from 03/10/2022 to present. S. Adams reports that in the past 36 months there was a payment to the Institution from Autistica and Alcohol Change UK, and that she used to be a Communications Officer – Mid Career Network at UK Society for Behavioural Medicine and a Committee Member – National Advocacy and Education Committee at the Research Society on Alcoholism. B. Freeman reports that in the past 36 months she and her institution received a payment from the Cancer Council NSW, and her institution received payments also from Healthway WA, VicHealth, Ian Potter Foundation, and NSW Health. She also reports that in the past 36 months she received consulting fees from World Health Organization, Heart Foundation NSW and NSW Health, and payments/honoraria from the Department of Health, The Government of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, USA FDA, and BMJ Tobacco Control. In addition she reports that she was an expert advisor (unpaid) at the Cancer Council - Tobacco Issues Committee, an expert member (paid for time) at NHMRC Electronic Cigarettes Working Committee, and an advisor (unpaid) at the Cancer Institute - Vaping Communications Advisory Panel.


  • Article 13
  • low- and middle-income countries
  • tobacco advertising
  • tobacco control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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