Tissue engineering a fetal membrane

Shengli Mi, Anna L. David, Bipasha Chowdhury, Roanne Razalia Jones, Ian William Hamley, Adam M. Squires, Che John Connon

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11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this study was to construct an artificial fetal membrane (FM) by combination of human amniotic epithelial stem cells (hAESCs) and a mechanically enhanced collagen scaffold containing encapsulated human amniotic stromal fibroblasts (hASFs). Such a tissue-engineered FM may have the potential to plug structural defects in the amniotic sac after antenatal interventions, or to prevent preterm premature rupture of the FM. The hAESCs and hASFs were isolated from human fetal amniotic membrane (AM). Magnetic cell sorting was used to enrich the hAESCs by positive ATP-binding cassette G2 selection. We investigated the use of a laminin/fibronectin (1:1)-coated compressed collagen gel as a novel scaffold to support the growth of hAESCs. A type I collagen gel was dehydrated to form a material mimicking the mechanical properties and ultra-structure of human AM. hAESCs successfully adhered to and formed a monolayer upon the biomimetic collagen scaffold. The resulting artificial membrane shared a high degree of similarity in cell morphology, protein expression profiles, and structure to normal fetal AM. This study provides the first line of evidence that a compacted collagen gel containing hASFs could adequately support hAESCs adhesion and differentiation to a degree that is comparable to the normal human fetal AM in terms of structure and maintenance of cell phenotype.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)373-381
JournalTissue Engineering Part A
Volume18
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2012

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Mi, S., David, A. L., Chowdhury, B., Jones, R. R., Hamley, I. W., Squires, A. M., & Connon, C. J. (2012). Tissue engineering a fetal membrane. Tissue Engineering Part A, 18(3-4), 373-381. https://doi.org/10.1089/ten.tea.2011.0194