Time trial exertion traits of cycling's Grand Tours

Conrad P Earnest, C Foster, J Hoyos, C A Muniesa, A Santalla, A Lucia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (SciVal)


We examined 26 professional riders during time trial (TT) competitions of the Grand Tours of cycling (Tour de France and Vuelta Espana; 1997-2003) for the exertional characteristics of contending vs. non-contending (i.e., support) riders. We categorized HR time during TT into training impulse (TRIMP) defined from seasonal VO2max testing [Phase I (15 km; 48.12+/-8.7 km); Uphill TT (20.0+/-8.7 km) and Team TT (44.1+/-20.9 km). We observed statistically significant event-by-contender interactions for all TT (all, P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)240-244
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Sports Medicine
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2009


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