Three-dimensionality of leading-edge vortices on high aspect ratio plunging wings

N. Chiereghin, S. Bull, D. J. Cleaver, I. Gursul

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To investigate the effect of sweep on the leading-edge vortex of high aspect ratio plunging wings, this article presents force, bending moment, and volumetric velocity measurements for high aspect ratio AR = 10 wings with sweep angles of 0° and 40°. The effect of the sweep angle on the bending moment is the largest at the minimum effective angle of attack. This is because as the leading-edge vortex sheds it moves inboard on the unswept wing while moving outboard on the swept wing. Where the leg of the leading-edge vortex connects with the wing there is significant three-dimensional flow. The axial velocity along the vortex filament, which may be towards to the wing tip or the wing root (reversed flow), exhibits increasing magnitude as the effective angle of attack decreases and the vortex filament deforms. Reversed axial flow along the vortex filament has the largest magnitudes for the unswept wing. In the vortex core, jetlike, wakelike, and uniform axial velocity profiles were observed. Unlike the classical vortex breakdown, the transition from the jetlike to the wakelike axial flow does not appear to be abrupt. The measurements also revealed evidence of spanwise instabilities in the leading-edge vortex filament.
Original languageEnglish
Article number064701
JournalPhysical Review Fluids
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2020


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