Three-dimensional ferromagnetic architectures with multiple metastable states

F Nasirpouri, Miles A Engbarth, Simon J Bending, Laurence M Peter, A Knittel, H Fangohr, M V Milosevic

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We demonstrate controllable dual-bath electrodeposition of nickel on architecture-tunable three-dimensional (3D) silver microcrystals. Magnetic hysteresis loops of individual highly faceted Ag-Ni core-shell elements reveal magnetization reversal that comprises multiple sharp steps corresponding to different stable magnetic states. Finite-element micromagnetic simulations on smaller systems show several jumps during magnetization reversal which correspond to transitions between different magnetic vortex states. Structures of this type could be realizations of an advanced magnetic data storage architecture whereby each element represents one multibit, storing a combination of several conventional bits depending on the overall number of possible magnetic states associated with the 3D core-shell shape.
Original languageEnglish
Article number222506
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number22
Publication statusPublished - 2011


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