THESEUS

A key space mission concept for Multi-Messenger Astrophysics

G. Stratta, R. Ciolfi, L. Amati, E. Bozzo, G. Ghirlanda, E. Maiorano, L. Nicastro, A. Rossi, S. Vinciguerra, F. Frontera, D. Götz, C. Guidorzi, P. O'Brien, J. P. Osborne, N. Tanvir, M. Branchesi, E. Brocato, M. G. Dainotti, M. De Pasquale, A. Grado & 38 others J. Greiner, F. Longo, U. Maio, D. Mereghetti, R. Mignani, S. Piranomonte, L. Rezzolla, R. Salvaterra, R. Starling, R. Willingale, M. Böer, A. Bulgarelli, J. Caruana, S. Colafrancesco, M. Colpi, S. Covino, P. D'Avanzo, V. D'Elia, A. Drago, F. Fuschino, B. Gendre, R. Hudec, P. Jonker, C. Labanti, D. Malesani, C. G. Mundell, E. Palazzi, B. Patricelli, M. Razzano, R. Campana, P. Rosati, T. Rodic, D. Szécsi, A. Stamerra, M. van Putten, S. Vergani, B. Zhang, M. Bernardini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The recent discovery of the electromagnetic counterpart of the gravitational wave source GW170817, has demonstrated the huge informative power of multi-messenger observations. During the next decade the nascent field of multi-messenger astronomy will mature significantly. Around 2030 and beyond, third generation ground-based gravitational wave detectors will be roughly ten times more sensitive than the current ones. At the same time, neutrino detectors currently upgrading to multi km3 telescopes, will include a 10 km3 facility in the Southern hemisphere. In this review, we describe the most promising sources of high frequency gravitational waves and neutrinos that will be detected in the next two decades. In this context, we show the important role of the Transient High Energy Sky and Early Universe Surveyor (THESEUS), a mission concept accepted by ESA for phase A study and proposed by a large international collaboration in response to the call for the Cosmic Vision Programme M5 missions. THESEUS aims at providing a substantial advancement in early Universe science as well as in multi–messenger and time–domain astrophysics, operating in strong synergy with future gravitational wave and neutrino detectors as well as major ground- and space-based telescopes. This review is an extension of the THESEUS white paper (Amati et al., 2017), also in light of the discovery of GW170817/GRB170817A that was announced on October 16th, 2017.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)662-682
Number of pages21
JournalAdvances in Space Research
Volume62
Issue number3
Early online date17 May 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2018

Fingerprint

Astrophysics
Gravity waves
astrophysics
space missions
gravitational waves
sky
universe
neutrinos
Detectors
Telescopes
energy
detectors
telescopes
upgrading
Antenna grounds
Astronomy
Southern Hemisphere
astronomy
European Space Agency
electromagnetism

Keywords

  • Astronomical and space-research instrumentation
  • Gamma-ray bursts
  • Gamma-ray sources
  • X-ray bursts
  • X-ray sources

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Stratta, G., Ciolfi, R., Amati, L., Bozzo, E., Ghirlanda, G., Maiorano, E., ... Bernardini, M. (2018). THESEUS: A key space mission concept for Multi-Messenger Astrophysics. Advances in Space Research, 62(3), 662-682. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asr.2018.04.013

THESEUS : A key space mission concept for Multi-Messenger Astrophysics. / Stratta, G.; Ciolfi, R.; Amati, L.; Bozzo, E.; Ghirlanda, G.; Maiorano, E.; Nicastro, L.; Rossi, A.; Vinciguerra, S.; Frontera, F.; Götz, D.; Guidorzi, C.; O'Brien, P.; Osborne, J. P.; Tanvir, N.; Branchesi, M.; Brocato, E.; Dainotti, M. G.; De Pasquale, M.; Grado, A.; Greiner, J.; Longo, F.; Maio, U.; Mereghetti, D.; Mignani, R.; Piranomonte, S.; Rezzolla, L.; Salvaterra, R.; Starling, R.; Willingale, R.; Böer, M.; Bulgarelli, A.; Caruana, J.; Colafrancesco, S.; Colpi, M.; Covino, S.; D'Avanzo, P.; D'Elia, V.; Drago, A.; Fuschino, F.; Gendre, B.; Hudec, R.; Jonker, P.; Labanti, C.; Malesani, D.; Mundell, C. G.; Palazzi, E.; Patricelli, B.; Razzano, M.; Campana, R.; Rosati, P.; Rodic, T.; Szécsi, D.; Stamerra, A.; van Putten, M.; Vergani, S.; Zhang, B.; Bernardini, M.

In: Advances in Space Research, Vol. 62, No. 3, 01.08.2018, p. 662-682.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Stratta, G, Ciolfi, R, Amati, L, Bozzo, E, Ghirlanda, G, Maiorano, E, Nicastro, L, Rossi, A, Vinciguerra, S, Frontera, F, Götz, D, Guidorzi, C, O'Brien, P, Osborne, JP, Tanvir, N, Branchesi, M, Brocato, E, Dainotti, MG, De Pasquale, M, Grado, A, Greiner, J, Longo, F, Maio, U, Mereghetti, D, Mignani, R, Piranomonte, S, Rezzolla, L, Salvaterra, R, Starling, R, Willingale, R, Böer, M, Bulgarelli, A, Caruana, J, Colafrancesco, S, Colpi, M, Covino, S, D'Avanzo, P, D'Elia, V, Drago, A, Fuschino, F, Gendre, B, Hudec, R, Jonker, P, Labanti, C, Malesani, D, Mundell, CG, Palazzi, E, Patricelli, B, Razzano, M, Campana, R, Rosati, P, Rodic, T, Szécsi, D, Stamerra, A, van Putten, M, Vergani, S, Zhang, B & Bernardini, M 2018, 'THESEUS: A key space mission concept for Multi-Messenger Astrophysics', Advances in Space Research, vol. 62, no. 3, pp. 662-682. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asr.2018.04.013
Stratta G, Ciolfi R, Amati L, Bozzo E, Ghirlanda G, Maiorano E et al. THESEUS: A key space mission concept for Multi-Messenger Astrophysics. Advances in Space Research. 2018 Aug 1;62(3):662-682. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asr.2018.04.013
Stratta, G. ; Ciolfi, R. ; Amati, L. ; Bozzo, E. ; Ghirlanda, G. ; Maiorano, E. ; Nicastro, L. ; Rossi, A. ; Vinciguerra, S. ; Frontera, F. ; Götz, D. ; Guidorzi, C. ; O'Brien, P. ; Osborne, J. P. ; Tanvir, N. ; Branchesi, M. ; Brocato, E. ; Dainotti, M. G. ; De Pasquale, M. ; Grado, A. ; Greiner, J. ; Longo, F. ; Maio, U. ; Mereghetti, D. ; Mignani, R. ; Piranomonte, S. ; Rezzolla, L. ; Salvaterra, R. ; Starling, R. ; Willingale, R. ; Böer, M. ; Bulgarelli, A. ; Caruana, J. ; Colafrancesco, S. ; Colpi, M. ; Covino, S. ; D'Avanzo, P. ; D'Elia, V. ; Drago, A. ; Fuschino, F. ; Gendre, B. ; Hudec, R. ; Jonker, P. ; Labanti, C. ; Malesani, D. ; Mundell, C. G. ; Palazzi, E. ; Patricelli, B. ; Razzano, M. ; Campana, R. ; Rosati, P. ; Rodic, T. ; Szécsi, D. ; Stamerra, A. ; van Putten, M. ; Vergani, S. ; Zhang, B. ; Bernardini, M. / THESEUS : A key space mission concept for Multi-Messenger Astrophysics. In: Advances in Space Research. 2018 ; Vol. 62, No. 3. pp. 662-682.
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AU - Bozzo, E.

AU - Ghirlanda, G.

AU - Maiorano, E.

AU - Nicastro, L.

AU - Rossi, A.

AU - Vinciguerra, S.

AU - Frontera, F.

AU - Götz, D.

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AU - Böer, M.

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AU - Colpi, M.

AU - Covino, S.

AU - D'Avanzo, P.

AU - D'Elia, V.

AU - Drago, A.

AU - Fuschino, F.

AU - Gendre, B.

AU - Hudec, R.

AU - Jonker, P.

AU - Labanti, C.

AU - Malesani, D.

AU - Mundell, C. G.

AU - Palazzi, E.

AU - Patricelli, B.

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