Thermodynamic insights and assessment of the 'circular economy'

Samuel J.G. Cooper, Jannik Giesekam, Geoffrey P. Hammond, Jonathan B. Norman, Anne Owen, John G. Rogers, Kate Scott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

This study analyses the effect on energy use of applying a wide range of circular economy approaches. By collating evidence on specific quantifiable approaches and then calculating and analyzing their combined full supply chain impacts through input-output analysis, it provides a more complete assessment of the overall potential scope for energy savings that these approaches might deliver than provided elsewhere. Assessment is conducted globally, across the EU-27 and in the UK. Overall, the identified opportunities have the potential to save 6%-11% of the energy used to support
economic activity, worldwide and in the EU, and 5%-8% in the UK. Their potential is equivalent to the total scope for other industrial energy efficiency savings. The potential savings are further divided into those due to sets of approaches relating to food waste,
steel production, other materials production, product refurbishment, vehicle provision, construction and other equipment manufacture. Each of these sets of approaches can make a key contribution to the total savings that are possible. Complementary use of energy and exergy metrics illustrates the way in which energy use might
change and for the first time provides indication that in most cases other energy efficiency measures are unlikely to be adversely affected by the circular economy approaches. Potential for savings in the energy embodied in each key product input to each major sector is
assessed, enabling prioritization of the areas in which the circular economy approaches have the greatest scope for impact and identification of supply chains for which they are underrepresented.
LanguageEnglish
Pages1356-1367
JournalJournal of Cleaner Production
Volume162
Early online date19 Jun 2017
DOIs
StatusPublished - 20 Sep 2017

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Supply chains
Energy efficiency
thermodynamics
Thermodynamics
Exergy
savings
Energy conservation
Economics
Steel
energy use
energy efficiency
energy
refurbishment
input-output analysis
exergy
prioritization
economy
Circular economy
economic activity
steel

Cite this

Cooper, S. J. G., Giesekam, J., Hammond, G. P., Norman, J. B., Owen, A., Rogers, J. G., & Scott, K. (2017). Thermodynamic insights and assessment of the 'circular economy'. DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.06.169

Thermodynamic insights and assessment of the 'circular economy'. / Cooper, Samuel J.G.; Giesekam, Jannik; Hammond, Geoffrey P.; Norman, Jonathan B.; Owen, Anne; Rogers, John G.; Scott, Kate.

In: Journal of Cleaner Production, Vol. 162, 20.09.2017, p. 1356-1367.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cooper, SJG, Giesekam, J, Hammond, GP, Norman, JB, Owen, A, Rogers, JG & Scott, K 2017, 'Thermodynamic insights and assessment of the 'circular economy'' Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 162, pp. 1356-1367. DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.06.169
Cooper SJG, Giesekam J, Hammond GP, Norman JB, Owen A, Rogers JG et al. Thermodynamic insights and assessment of the 'circular economy'. Journal of Cleaner Production. 2017 Sep 20;162:1356-1367. Available from, DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.06.169
Cooper, Samuel J.G. ; Giesekam, Jannik ; Hammond, Geoffrey P. ; Norman, Jonathan B. ; Owen, Anne ; Rogers, John G. ; Scott, Kate. / Thermodynamic insights and assessment of the 'circular economy'. In: Journal of Cleaner Production. 2017 ; Vol. 162. pp. 1356-1367
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