Phase change materials (PCMs) can improve thermal comfort of occupants acting as thermal energy storage systems. During their service life, PCMs undergo many phase change transitions. However, there is a lack of feasible and cost-effective techniques to evaluate the effect of thermal cycling on the long-term stability and performance of PCMs, which can influence their selection and restrict a broader acceptance of these materials by the construction sector. This study developed a novel accelerated thermal cycling multi-technique to assess the stability and reliability of PCMs under dynamic thermal conditions. All investigated PCMs showed remarkable stability in terms of phase change temperature and latent heat energy even after undergoing 10,000 thermal cycles. The Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA) results underscore the suitability of these PCMs for built environments, with minimal mass loss at lower temperatures (below 150 °C). The Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and 1H Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) results revelled no molecular changes induced by thermal cycling. The novel accelerated thermal cycling technique provides more accurate results than thermal cycling using Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) only, overcoming the issues of contamination and subcooling of smaller samples in DSC measurements.

Original languageEnglish
Article number179771
JournalThermochimica Acta
Early online date17 May 2024
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 17 May 2024

Data Availability Statement

Data will be made available on request.


  • Built Environment
  • Incorporation Methods
  • Latent heat storage
  • Long-term stability
  • Phase Change Materials
  • Phase change temperature
  • Thermal storage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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