Cardiovascular patients are one of the highest population groups affected by elevated external temperatures. Many research studies highlight the impact of three main indicators: mortality rates, morbidity, and admissions to hospitals. Most research determined that cardiovascular patients were among the top admissions to hospitals. The external temperature needs to be evaluated while the patients are hospitalised to reveal the extent of its impact. This study also seeks to evaluate the impact of the length of stay periods on the perceived thermal environment of cardiovascular inpatients when the external temperatures are elevated particularly in summer periods. To do so, longitudinal data analysis of indoor air temperatures, relative humidity and outdoor air temperatures linked with recorded patients' responses, was undertaken for three months in cardiology and cardiac surgery wards in a hospital in Saudi Arabia, i.e. a hot, arid dessert climate (BWh) based on the Köppen Geiger climate zones map. Patient questionnaires were administrated during the daytime, specifically the afternoon hours to obtain the best results when outdoor temperatures exceeded 40°C. The gathered data was analysed using several statistical tests for correlations and differences to validate the results. The patients who were hospitalised for more than one week and one month felt more neutral compared to other shorter periods of stay; this was interpreted as patients having sufficient time acclimatise to their environment.
|Title of host publication||Materials Science and Engineering|
|Subtitle of host publication||4. IAQ and Indoor Environmental Quality|
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 23 Oct 2019|
|Name||IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering|
- Materials Science(all)