The Use of Wearable Sensors for Preventing, Assessing, and Informing Recovery from Sport-Related Musculoskeletal Injuries: A Systematic Scoping Review

Ezio Preatoni, Elena Bergamini, Silvia Fantozzi, Lucie I. Giraud, Amaranta S. Orejel Bustos , Giuseppe Vannozzi, Valentina Camomilla

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Wearable technologies are often indicated as tools that can enable the in-field collection of quantitative biomechanical data, unobtrusively, for extended periods of time, and with few spatial limitations. Despite many claims about their potential for impact in the area of injury prevention and management, there seems to be little attention to grounding this potential in biomechanical research linking quantities from wearables to musculoskeletal injuries, and to assessing the readiness of these biomechanical approaches for being implemented in real practice. We performed a systematic scoping review to characterise and critically analyse the state of the art of research using wearable technologies to study musculoskeletal injuries in sport from a biomechanical perspective. A total of 4952 articles were retrieved from the Web of Science, Scopus, and PubMed databases; 165 were included. Multiple study features—such as research design, scope, experimental settings, and applied context—were summarised and assessed. We also proposed an injury-research readiness classification tool to gauge the maturity of biomechanical approaches using wearables. Five main conclusions emerged from this review, which we used as a springboard to propose guidelines and good practices for future research and dissemination in the field.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3225
JournalSensors
Volume22
Issue number9
Early online date22 Apr 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2022

Keywords

  • accelerometer
  • athlete
  • biomechanics
  • exercise
  • force transducers
  • inertial sensors
  • injury mechanisms
  • movement analysis
  • prevention
  • rehabilitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Information Systems
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Biochemistry
  • Instrumentation
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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