The THESEUS space mission concept: science case, design and expected performances

L. Amati, P. O'Brien, D. Götz, E. Bozzo, C. Tenzer, F. Frontera, G. Ghirlanda, C. Labanti, J.~P. Osborne, G. Stratta, N. Tanvir, R. Willingale, P. Attina, R. Campana, A.~J. Castro-Tirado, C. Contini, F. Fuschino, A. Gomboc, R. Hudec, P. Orleanski & 191 others E. Renotte, T. Rodic, Z. Bagoly, A. Blain, P. Callanan, S. Covino, A. Ferrara, E. Le Floch, M. Marisaldi, S. Mereghetti, P. Rosati, A. Vacchi, P. D'Avanzo, P. Giommi, S. Piranomonte, L. Piro, V. Reglero, A. Rossi, A. Santangelo, R. Salvaterra, G. Tagliaferri, S. Vergani, S. Vinciguerra, M. Briggs, E. Campolongo, R. Ciolfi, V. Connaughton, B. Cordier, B. Morelli, M. Orlandini, C. Adami, A. Argan, J. -L. Atteia, N. Auricchio, L. Balazs, G. Baldazzi, S. Basa, R. Basak, P. Bellutti, M.~G. Bernardini, G. Bertuccio, J. Braga, M. Branchesi, S. Brandt, E. Brocato, C. Budtz-Jorgensen, A. Bulgarelli, L. Burderi, J. Camp, S. Capozziello, J. Caruana, P. Casella, B. Cenko, P. Chardonnet, B. Ciardi, S. Colafrancesco, M.~G. Dainotti, V. D'Elia, D. De Martino, M. De Pasquale, E. Del Monte, M. Della Valle, A. Drago, Y. Evangelista, M. Feroci, F. Finelli, M. Fiorini, J. Fynbo, A. Gal-Yam, B. Gendre, G. Ghisellini, A. Grado, C. Guidorzi, M. Hafizi, L. Hanlon, J. Hjorth, L. Izzo, L. Kiss, P. Kumar, I. Kuvvetli, M. Lavagna, T. Li, F. Longo, M. Lyutikov, U. Maio, E. Maiorano, P. Malcovati, D. Malesani, R. Margutti, A. Martin-Carrillo, N. Masetti, S. McBreen, R. Mignani, G. Morgante, C. Mundell, H.~U. Nargaard-Nielsen, L. Nicastro, E. Palazzi, S. Paltani, F. Panessa, G. Pareschi, A. Pe'er, A.~V. Penacchioni, E. Pian, E. Piedipalumbo, T. Piran, G. Rauw, M. Razzano, A. Read, L. Rezzolla, P. Romano, R. Ruffini, S. Savaglio, V. Sguera, P. Schady, W. Skidmore, L. Song, E. Stanway, R. Starling, M. Topinka, E. Troja, M. van Putten, E. Vanzella, S. Vercellone, C. Wilson- Hodge, D. Yonetoku, G. Zampa, N. Zampa, B.~B. Zhang, B.~B. Zhang, S. Zhang, S. -N. Zhang, A. Antonelli, F. Bianco, S. Boci, M. Boer, M.~T. Botticella, O. Boulade, C. Butler, S. Campana, F. Capitanio, A. Celotti, Y. Chen, M. Colpi, A. Comastri, J. -G. Cuby, M. Dadina, A. De Luca, Y. -W. Dong, S. Ettori, P. Gandhi, E. Geza, J. Greiner, S. Guiriec, J. Harms, M. Hernanz, A. Hornstrup, I. Hutchinson, G. Israel, P. Jonker, Y. Kaneko, N. Kawai, K. Wiersema, S. Korpela, V. Lebrun, F. Lu, A. MacFadyen, G. Malaguti, L. Maraschi, A. Melandri, M. Modjaz, D. Morris, N. Omodei, A. Paizis, P. Páta, V. Petrosian, A. Rachevski, J. Rhoads, F. Ryde, L. Sabau- Graziati, N. Shigehiro, M. Sims, J. Soomin, D. Szécsi, Y. Urata, M. Uslenghi, L. Valenziano, G. Vianello, S. Vojtech, D. Watson, J. Zicha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

THESEUS is a space mission concept aimed at exploiting Gamma-Ray Bursts for investigating the early Universe and at providing a substantial advancement of multi-messenger and time-domain astrophysics. These goals will be achieved through a unique combination of instruments allowing GRB and X-ray transient detection over a broad field of view (more than 1sr) with 0.5–1 arcmin localization, an energy band extending from several MeV down to 0.3 keV and high sensitivity to transient sources in the soft X-ray domain, as well as on-board prompt (few minutes) follow-up with a 0.7 m class IR telescope with both imaging and spectroscopic capabilities. THESEUS will be perfectly suited for addressing the main open issues in cosmology such as, e.g., star formation rate and metallicity evolution of the inter-stellar and intra-galactic medium up to redshift ∼10, signatures of Pop III stars, sources and physics of re-ionization, and the faint end of the galaxy luminosity function. In addition, it will provide unprecedented capability to monitor the X-ray variable sky, thus detecting, localizing, and identifying the electromagnetic counterparts to sources of gravitational radiation, which may be routinely detected in the late ’20s/early ’30s by next generation facilities like aLIGO/ aVirgo, eLISA, KAGRA, and Einstein Telescope. THESEUS will also provide powerful synergies with the next generation of multi-wavelength observatories (e.g., LSST, ELT, SKA, CTA, ATHENA).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)191-244
Number of pages54
JournalAdvances in Space Research
Volume62
Issue number1
Early online date26 Apr 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2018

Keywords

  • Cosmology: observations
  • Dark ages
  • First stars
  • Gamma-ray: bursts
  • Re-ionization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Amati, L., O'Brien, P., Götz, D., Bozzo, E., Tenzer, C., Frontera, F., ... Zicha, J. (2018). The THESEUS space mission concept: science case, design and expected performances. Advances in Space Research, 62(1), 191-244. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asr.2018.03.010

The THESEUS space mission concept: science case, design and expected performances. / Amati, L.; O'Brien, P.; Götz, D.; Bozzo, E.; Tenzer, C.; Frontera, F.; Ghirlanda, G.; Labanti, C.; Osborne, J.~P.; Stratta, G.; Tanvir, N.; Willingale, R.; Attina, P.; Campana, R.; Castro-Tirado, A.~J.; Contini, C.; Fuschino, F.; Gomboc, A.; Hudec, R.; Orleanski, P.; Renotte, E.; Rodic, T.; Bagoly, Z.; Blain, A.; Callanan, P.; Covino, S.; Ferrara, A.; Le Floch, E.; Marisaldi, M.; Mereghetti, S.; Rosati, P.; Vacchi, A.; D'Avanzo, P.; Giommi, P.; Piranomonte, S.; Piro, L.; Reglero, V.; Rossi, A.; Santangelo, A.; Salvaterra, R.; Tagliaferri, G.; Vergani, S.; Vinciguerra, S.; Briggs, M.; Campolongo, E.; Ciolfi, R.; Connaughton, V.; Cordier, B.; Morelli, B.; Orlandini, M.; Adami, C.; Argan, A.; Atteia, J. -L.; Auricchio, N.; Balazs, L.; Baldazzi, G.; Basa, S.; Basak, R.; Bellutti, P.; Bernardini, M.~G.; Bertuccio, G.; Braga, J.; Branchesi, M.; Brandt, S.; Brocato, E.; Budtz-Jorgensen, C.; Bulgarelli, A.; Burderi, L.; Camp, J.; Capozziello, S.; Caruana, J.; Casella, P.; Cenko, B.; Chardonnet, P.; Ciardi, B.; Colafrancesco, S.; Dainotti, M.~G.; D'Elia, V.; De Martino, D.; De Pasquale, M.; Del Monte, E.; Della Valle, M.; Drago, A.; Evangelista, Y.; Feroci, M.; Finelli, F.; Fiorini, M.; Fynbo, J.; Gal-Yam, A.; Gendre, B.; Ghisellini, G.; Grado, A.; Guidorzi, C.; Hafizi, M.; Hanlon, L.; Hjorth, J.; Izzo, L.; Kiss, L.; Kumar, P.; Kuvvetli, I.; Lavagna, M.; Li, T.; Longo, F.; Lyutikov, M.; Maio, U.; Maiorano, E.; Malcovati, P.; Malesani, D.; Margutti, R.; Martin-Carrillo, A.; Masetti, N.; McBreen, S.; Mignani, R.; Morgante, G.; Mundell, C.; Nargaard-Nielsen, H.~U.; Nicastro, L.; Palazzi, E.; Paltani, S.; Panessa, F.; Pareschi, G.; Pe'er, A.; Penacchioni, A.~V.; Pian, E.; Piedipalumbo, E.; Piran, T.; Rauw, G.; Razzano, M.; Read, A.; Rezzolla, L.; Romano, P.; Ruffini, R.; Savaglio, S.; Sguera, V.; Schady, P.; Skidmore, W.; Song, L.; Stanway, E.; Starling, R.; Topinka, M.; Troja, E.; van Putten, M.; Vanzella, E.; Vercellone, S.; Wilson- Hodge, C.; Yonetoku, D.; Zampa, G.; Zampa, N.; Zhang, B.~B.; Zhang, B.~B.; Zhang, S.; Zhang, S. -N.; Antonelli, A.; Bianco, F.; Boci, S.; Boer, M.; Botticella, M.~T.; Boulade, O.; Butler, C.; Campana, S.; Capitanio, F.; Celotti, A.; Chen, Y.; Colpi, M.; Comastri, A.; Cuby, J. -G.; Dadina, M.; De Luca, A.; Dong, Y. -W.; Ettori, S.; Gandhi, P.; Geza, E.; Greiner, J.; Guiriec, S.; Harms, J.; Hernanz, M.; Hornstrup, A.; Hutchinson, I.; Israel, G.; Jonker, P.; Kaneko, Y.; Kawai, N.; Wiersema, K.; Korpela, S.; Lebrun, V.; Lu, F.; MacFadyen, A.; Malaguti, G.; Maraschi, L.; Melandri, A.; Modjaz, M.; Morris, D.; Omodei, N.; Paizis, A.; Páta, P.; Petrosian, V.; Rachevski, A.; Rhoads, J.; Ryde, F.; Sabau- Graziati, L.; Shigehiro, N.; Sims, M.; Soomin, J.; Szécsi, D.; Urata, Y.; Uslenghi, M.; Valenziano, L.; Vianello, G.; Vojtech, S.; Watson, D.; Zicha, J.

In: Advances in Space Research, Vol. 62, No. 1, 01.07.2018, p. 191-244.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Amati, L, O'Brien, P, Götz, D, Bozzo, E, Tenzer, C, Frontera, F, Ghirlanda, G, Labanti, C, Osborne, JP, Stratta, G, Tanvir, N, Willingale, R, Attina, P, Campana, R, Castro-Tirado, AJ, Contini, C, Fuschino, F, Gomboc, A, Hudec, R, Orleanski, P, Renotte, E, Rodic, T, Bagoly, Z, Blain, A, Callanan, P, Covino, S, Ferrara, A, Le Floch, E, Marisaldi, M, Mereghetti, S, Rosati, P, Vacchi, A, D'Avanzo, P, Giommi, P, Piranomonte, S, Piro, L, Reglero, V, Rossi, A, Santangelo, A, Salvaterra, R, Tagliaferri, G, Vergani, S, Vinciguerra, S, Briggs, M, Campolongo, E, Ciolfi, R, Connaughton, V, Cordier, B, Morelli, B, Orlandini, M, Adami, C, Argan, A, Atteia, J-L, Auricchio, N, Balazs, L, Baldazzi, G, Basa, S, Basak, R, Bellutti, P, Bernardini, MG, Bertuccio, G, Braga, J, Branchesi, M, Brandt, S, Brocato, E, Budtz-Jorgensen, C, Bulgarelli, A, Burderi, L, Camp, J, Capozziello, S, Caruana, J, Casella, P, Cenko, B, Chardonnet, P, Ciardi, B, Colafrancesco, S, Dainotti, MG, D'Elia, V, De Martino, D, De Pasquale, M, Del Monte, E, Della Valle, M, Drago, A, Evangelista, Y, Feroci, M, Finelli, F, Fiorini, M, Fynbo, J, Gal-Yam, A, Gendre, B, Ghisellini, G, Grado, A, Guidorzi, C, Hafizi, M, Hanlon, L, Hjorth, J, Izzo, L, Kiss, L, Kumar, P, Kuvvetli, I, Lavagna, M, Li, T, Longo, F, Lyutikov, M, Maio, U, Maiorano, E, Malcovati, P, Malesani, D, Margutti, R, Martin-Carrillo, A, Masetti, N, McBreen, S, Mignani, R, Morgante, G, Mundell, C, Nargaard-Nielsen, HU, Nicastro, L, Palazzi, E, Paltani, S, Panessa, F, Pareschi, G, Pe'er, A, Penacchioni, AV, Pian, E, Piedipalumbo, E, Piran, T, Rauw, G, Razzano, M, Read, A, Rezzolla, L, Romano, P, Ruffini, R, Savaglio, S, Sguera, V, Schady, P, Skidmore, W, Song, L, Stanway, E, Starling, R, Topinka, M, Troja, E, van Putten, M, Vanzella, E, Vercellone, S, Wilson- Hodge, C, Yonetoku, D, Zampa, G, Zampa, N, Zhang, BB, Zhang, BB, Zhang, S, Zhang, S-N, Antonelli, A, Bianco, F, Boci, S, Boer, M, Botticella, MT, Boulade, O, Butler, C, Campana, S, Capitanio, F, Celotti, A, Chen, Y, Colpi, M, Comastri, A, Cuby, J-G, Dadina, M, De Luca, A, Dong, Y-W, Ettori, S, Gandhi, P, Geza, E, Greiner, J, Guiriec, S, Harms, J, Hernanz, M, Hornstrup, A, Hutchinson, I, Israel, G, Jonker, P, Kaneko, Y, Kawai, N, Wiersema, K, Korpela, S, Lebrun, V, Lu, F, MacFadyen, A, Malaguti, G, Maraschi, L, Melandri, A, Modjaz, M, Morris, D, Omodei, N, Paizis, A, Páta, P, Petrosian, V, Rachevski, A, Rhoads, J, Ryde, F, Sabau- Graziati, L, Shigehiro, N, Sims, M, Soomin, J, Szécsi, D, Urata, Y, Uslenghi, M, Valenziano, L, Vianello, G, Vojtech, S, Watson, D & Zicha, J 2018, 'The THESEUS space mission concept: science case, design and expected performances', Advances in Space Research, vol. 62, no. 1, pp. 191-244. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asr.2018.03.010
Amati, L. ; O'Brien, P. ; Götz, D. ; Bozzo, E. ; Tenzer, C. ; Frontera, F. ; Ghirlanda, G. ; Labanti, C. ; Osborne, J.~P. ; Stratta, G. ; Tanvir, N. ; Willingale, R. ; Attina, P. ; Campana, R. ; Castro-Tirado, A.~J. ; Contini, C. ; Fuschino, F. ; Gomboc, A. ; Hudec, R. ; Orleanski, P. ; Renotte, E. ; Rodic, T. ; Bagoly, Z. ; Blain, A. ; Callanan, P. ; Covino, S. ; Ferrara, A. ; Le Floch, E. ; Marisaldi, M. ; Mereghetti, S. ; Rosati, P. ; Vacchi, A. ; D'Avanzo, P. ; Giommi, P. ; Piranomonte, S. ; Piro, L. ; Reglero, V. ; Rossi, A. ; Santangelo, A. ; Salvaterra, R. ; Tagliaferri, G. ; Vergani, S. ; Vinciguerra, S. ; Briggs, M. ; Campolongo, E. ; Ciolfi, R. ; Connaughton, V. ; Cordier, B. ; Morelli, B. ; Orlandini, M. ; Adami, C. ; Argan, A. ; Atteia, J. -L. ; Auricchio, N. ; Balazs, L. ; Baldazzi, G. ; Basa, S. ; Basak, R. ; Bellutti, P. ; Bernardini, M.~G. ; Bertuccio, G. ; Braga, J. ; Branchesi, M. ; Brandt, S. ; Brocato, E. ; Budtz-Jorgensen, C. ; Bulgarelli, A. ; Burderi, L. ; Camp, J. ; Capozziello, S. ; Caruana, J. ; Casella, P. ; Cenko, B. ; Chardonnet, P. ; Ciardi, B. ; Colafrancesco, S. ; Dainotti, M.~G. ; D'Elia, V. ; De Martino, D. ; De Pasquale, M. ; Del Monte, E. ; Della Valle, M. ; Drago, A. ; Evangelista, Y. ; Feroci, M. ; Finelli, F. ; Fiorini, M. ; Fynbo, J. ; Gal-Yam, A. ; Gendre, B. ; Ghisellini, G. ; Grado, A. ; Guidorzi, C. ; Hafizi, M. ; Hanlon, L. ; Hjorth, J. ; Izzo, L. ; Kiss, L. ; Kumar, P. ; Kuvvetli, I. ; Lavagna, M. ; Li, T. ; Longo, F. ; Lyutikov, M. ; Maio, U. ; Maiorano, E. ; Malcovati, P. ; Malesani, D. ; Margutti, R. ; Martin-Carrillo, A. ; Masetti, N. ; McBreen, S. ; Mignani, R. ; Morgante, G. ; Mundell, C. ; Nargaard-Nielsen, H.~U. ; Nicastro, L. ; Palazzi, E. ; Paltani, S. ; Panessa, F. ; Pareschi, G. ; Pe'er, A. ; Penacchioni, A.~V. ; Pian, E. ; Piedipalumbo, E. ; Piran, T. ; Rauw, G. ; Razzano, M. ; Read, A. ; Rezzolla, L. ; Romano, P. ; Ruffini, R. ; Savaglio, S. ; Sguera, V. ; Schady, P. ; Skidmore, W. ; Song, L. ; Stanway, E. ; Starling, R. ; Topinka, M. ; Troja, E. ; van Putten, M. ; Vanzella, E. ; Vercellone, S. ; Wilson- Hodge, C. ; Yonetoku, D. ; Zampa, G. ; Zampa, N. ; Zhang, B.~B. ; Zhang, B.~B. ; Zhang, S. ; Zhang, S. -N. ; Antonelli, A. ; Bianco, F. ; Boci, S. ; Boer, M. ; Botticella, M.~T. ; Boulade, O. ; Butler, C. ; Campana, S. ; Capitanio, F. ; Celotti, A. ; Chen, Y. ; Colpi, M. ; Comastri, A. ; Cuby, J. -G. ; Dadina, M. ; De Luca, A. ; Dong, Y. -W. ; Ettori, S. ; Gandhi, P. ; Geza, E. ; Greiner, J. ; Guiriec, S. ; Harms, J. ; Hernanz, M. ; Hornstrup, A. ; Hutchinson, I. ; Israel, G. ; Jonker, P. ; Kaneko, Y. ; Kawai, N. ; Wiersema, K. ; Korpela, S. ; Lebrun, V. ; Lu, F. ; MacFadyen, A. ; Malaguti, G. ; Maraschi, L. ; Melandri, A. ; Modjaz, M. ; Morris, D. ; Omodei, N. ; Paizis, A. ; Páta, P. ; Petrosian, V. ; Rachevski, A. ; Rhoads, J. ; Ryde, F. ; Sabau- Graziati, L. ; Shigehiro, N. ; Sims, M. ; Soomin, J. ; Szécsi, D. ; Urata, Y. ; Uslenghi, M. ; Valenziano, L. ; Vianello, G. ; Vojtech, S. ; Watson, D. ; Zicha, J. / The THESEUS space mission concept: science case, design and expected performances. In: Advances in Space Research. 2018 ; Vol. 62, No. 1. pp. 191-244.
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title = "The THESEUS space mission concept: science case, design and expected performances",
abstract = "THESEUS is a space mission concept aimed at exploiting Gamma-Ray Bursts for investigating the early Universe and at providing a substantial advancement of multi-messenger and time-domain astrophysics. These goals will be achieved through a unique combination of instruments allowing GRB and X-ray transient detection over a broad field of view (more than 1sr) with 0.5–1 arcmin localization, an energy band extending from several MeV down to 0.3 keV and high sensitivity to transient sources in the soft X-ray domain, as well as on-board prompt (few minutes) follow-up with a 0.7 m class IR telescope with both imaging and spectroscopic capabilities. THESEUS will be perfectly suited for addressing the main open issues in cosmology such as, e.g., star formation rate and metallicity evolution of the inter-stellar and intra-galactic medium up to redshift ∼10, signatures of Pop III stars, sources and physics of re-ionization, and the faint end of the galaxy luminosity function. In addition, it will provide unprecedented capability to monitor the X-ray variable sky, thus detecting, localizing, and identifying the electromagnetic counterparts to sources of gravitational radiation, which may be routinely detected in the late ’20s/early ’30s by next generation facilities like aLIGO/ aVirgo, eLISA, KAGRA, and Einstein Telescope. THESEUS will also provide powerful synergies with the next generation of multi-wavelength observatories (e.g., LSST, ELT, SKA, CTA, ATHENA).",
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author = "L. Amati and P. O'Brien and D. G{\"o}tz and E. Bozzo and C. Tenzer and F. Frontera and G. Ghirlanda and C. Labanti and J.~P. Osborne and G. Stratta and N. Tanvir and R. Willingale and P. Attina and R. Campana and A.~J. Castro-Tirado and C. Contini and F. Fuschino and A. Gomboc and R. Hudec and P. Orleanski and E. Renotte and T. Rodic and Z. Bagoly and A. Blain and P. Callanan and S. Covino and A. Ferrara and {Le Floch}, E. and M. Marisaldi and S. Mereghetti and P. Rosati and A. Vacchi and P. D'Avanzo and P. Giommi and S. Piranomonte and L. Piro and V. Reglero and A. Rossi and A. Santangelo and R. Salvaterra and G. Tagliaferri and S. Vergani and S. Vinciguerra and M. Briggs and E. Campolongo and R. Ciolfi and V. Connaughton and B. Cordier and B. Morelli and M. Orlandini and C. Adami and A. Argan and Atteia, {J. -L.} and N. Auricchio and L. Balazs and G. Baldazzi and S. Basa and R. Basak and P. Bellutti and M.~G. Bernardini and G. Bertuccio and J. Braga and M. Branchesi and S. Brandt and E. Brocato and C. Budtz-Jorgensen and A. Bulgarelli and L. Burderi and J. Camp and S. Capozziello and J. Caruana and P. Casella and B. Cenko and P. Chardonnet and B. Ciardi and S. Colafrancesco and M.~G. Dainotti and V. D'Elia and {De Martino}, D. and {De Pasquale}, M. and {Del Monte}, E. and {Della Valle}, M. and A. Drago and Y. Evangelista and M. Feroci and F. Finelli and M. Fiorini and J. Fynbo and A. Gal-Yam and B. Gendre and G. Ghisellini and A. Grado and C. Guidorzi and M. Hafizi and L. Hanlon and J. Hjorth and L. Izzo and L. Kiss and P. Kumar and I. Kuvvetli and M. Lavagna and T. Li and F. Longo and M. Lyutikov and U. Maio and E. Maiorano and P. Malcovati and D. Malesani and R. Margutti and A. Martin-Carrillo and N. Masetti and S. McBreen and R. Mignani and G. Morgante and C. Mundell and H.~U. Nargaard-Nielsen and L. Nicastro and E. Palazzi and S. Paltani and F. Panessa and G. Pareschi and A. Pe'er and A.~V. Penacchioni and E. Pian and E. Piedipalumbo and T. Piran and G. Rauw and M. Razzano and A. Read and L. Rezzolla and P. Romano and R. Ruffini and S. Savaglio and V. Sguera and P. Schady and W. Skidmore and L. Song and E. Stanway and R. Starling and M. Topinka and E. Troja and {van Putten}, M. and E. Vanzella and S. Vercellone and {Wilson- Hodge}, C. and D. Yonetoku and G. Zampa and N. Zampa and B.~B. Zhang and B.~B. Zhang and S. Zhang and Zhang, {S. -N.} and A. Antonelli and F. Bianco and S. Boci and M. Boer and M.~T. Botticella and O. Boulade and C. Butler and S. Campana and F. Capitanio and A. Celotti and Y. Chen and M. Colpi and A. Comastri and Cuby, {J. -G.} and M. Dadina and {De Luca}, A. and Dong, {Y. -W.} and S. Ettori and P. Gandhi and E. Geza and J. Greiner and S. Guiriec and J. Harms and M. Hernanz and A. Hornstrup and I. Hutchinson and G. Israel and P. Jonker and Y. Kaneko and N. Kawai and K. Wiersema and S. Korpela and V. Lebrun and F. Lu and A. MacFadyen and G. Malaguti and L. Maraschi and A. Melandri and M. Modjaz and D. Morris and N. Omodei and A. Paizis and P. P{\'a}ta and V. Petrosian and A. Rachevski and J. Rhoads and F. Ryde and {Sabau- Graziati}, L. and N. Shigehiro and M. Sims and J. Soomin and D. Sz{\'e}csi and Y. Urata and M. Uslenghi and L. Valenziano and G. Vianello and S. Vojtech and D. Watson and J. Zicha",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - The THESEUS space mission concept: science case, design and expected performances

AU - Amati, L.

AU - O'Brien, P.

AU - Götz, D.

AU - Bozzo, E.

AU - Tenzer, C.

AU - Frontera, F.

AU - Ghirlanda, G.

AU - Labanti, C.

AU - Osborne, J.~P.

AU - Stratta, G.

AU - Tanvir, N.

AU - Willingale, R.

AU - Attina, P.

AU - Campana, R.

AU - Castro-Tirado, A.~J.

AU - Contini, C.

AU - Fuschino, F.

AU - Gomboc, A.

AU - Hudec, R.

AU - Orleanski, P.

AU - Renotte, E.

AU - Rodic, T.

AU - Bagoly, Z.

AU - Blain, A.

AU - Callanan, P.

AU - Covino, S.

AU - Ferrara, A.

AU - Le Floch, E.

AU - Marisaldi, M.

AU - Mereghetti, S.

AU - Rosati, P.

AU - Vacchi, A.

AU - D'Avanzo, P.

AU - Giommi, P.

AU - Piranomonte, S.

AU - Piro, L.

AU - Reglero, V.

AU - Rossi, A.

AU - Santangelo, A.

AU - Salvaterra, R.

AU - Tagliaferri, G.

AU - Vergani, S.

AU - Vinciguerra, S.

AU - Briggs, M.

AU - Campolongo, E.

AU - Ciolfi, R.

AU - Connaughton, V.

AU - Cordier, B.

AU - Morelli, B.

AU - Orlandini, M.

AU - Adami, C.

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PY - 2018/7/1

Y1 - 2018/7/1

N2 - THESEUS is a space mission concept aimed at exploiting Gamma-Ray Bursts for investigating the early Universe and at providing a substantial advancement of multi-messenger and time-domain astrophysics. These goals will be achieved through a unique combination of instruments allowing GRB and X-ray transient detection over a broad field of view (more than 1sr) with 0.5–1 arcmin localization, an energy band extending from several MeV down to 0.3 keV and high sensitivity to transient sources in the soft X-ray domain, as well as on-board prompt (few minutes) follow-up with a 0.7 m class IR telescope with both imaging and spectroscopic capabilities. THESEUS will be perfectly suited for addressing the main open issues in cosmology such as, e.g., star formation rate and metallicity evolution of the inter-stellar and intra-galactic medium up to redshift ∼10, signatures of Pop III stars, sources and physics of re-ionization, and the faint end of the galaxy luminosity function. In addition, it will provide unprecedented capability to monitor the X-ray variable sky, thus detecting, localizing, and identifying the electromagnetic counterparts to sources of gravitational radiation, which may be routinely detected in the late ’20s/early ’30s by next generation facilities like aLIGO/ aVirgo, eLISA, KAGRA, and Einstein Telescope. THESEUS will also provide powerful synergies with the next generation of multi-wavelength observatories (e.g., LSST, ELT, SKA, CTA, ATHENA).

AB - THESEUS is a space mission concept aimed at exploiting Gamma-Ray Bursts for investigating the early Universe and at providing a substantial advancement of multi-messenger and time-domain astrophysics. These goals will be achieved through a unique combination of instruments allowing GRB and X-ray transient detection over a broad field of view (more than 1sr) with 0.5–1 arcmin localization, an energy band extending from several MeV down to 0.3 keV and high sensitivity to transient sources in the soft X-ray domain, as well as on-board prompt (few minutes) follow-up with a 0.7 m class IR telescope with both imaging and spectroscopic capabilities. THESEUS will be perfectly suited for addressing the main open issues in cosmology such as, e.g., star formation rate and metallicity evolution of the inter-stellar and intra-galactic medium up to redshift ∼10, signatures of Pop III stars, sources and physics of re-ionization, and the faint end of the galaxy luminosity function. In addition, it will provide unprecedented capability to monitor the X-ray variable sky, thus detecting, localizing, and identifying the electromagnetic counterparts to sources of gravitational radiation, which may be routinely detected in the late ’20s/early ’30s by next generation facilities like aLIGO/ aVirgo, eLISA, KAGRA, and Einstein Telescope. THESEUS will also provide powerful synergies with the next generation of multi-wavelength observatories (e.g., LSST, ELT, SKA, CTA, ATHENA).

KW - Cosmology: observations

KW - Dark ages

KW - First stars

KW - Gamma-ray: bursts

KW - Re-ionization

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85046789580&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.asr.2018.03.010

DO - 10.1016/j.asr.2018.03.010

M3 - Article

VL - 62

SP - 191

EP - 244

JO - Advances in Space Research

JF - Advances in Space Research

SN - 0273-1177

IS - 1

ER -