The structural influence of ligand coordination and hydrogen bonding capabilities in the crystal engineering of metal thiosemicarbazide compounds with malonate

A D Burrows, R W Harrington, M F Mahon, S J Teat

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The reaction of sodium malonate with the thiosemicarbazide complexes [M(L)(2)](NO3)(2) [M = Ni, Zn; L = NH2NHC(S) NH2 (tsc), NH2NHC(S) NHEt (Ettsc)] afforded the compounds [Ni(tsc)(2)](2)[Ni(kappa(2)-malonate)(2)(OH2)(2)][NO3](2) center dot 4H(2)O 1, [Ni(Ettsc)(2)][Ni(kappa(2)-malonate)(2)(OH2)(2)] center dot 4H(2)O 2, [Ni(Ettsc)(3)][Hmalonate] NO3 center dot 2H(2)O 3, {[Zn(tsc)(mu-kappa(1),kappa(2)-malonate)] center dot H2O}(n) 4 and [Zn-2(Ettsc)(3)(mu-kappa(1),kappa(2)-malonate)( OH2)][NO3](2) 5, all of which have been crystallographically characterised. For compounds 1, 2, 4 and 5, coordination of malonate to a metal centre is observed, in conjunction with displacement of one or more thiosemicarbazide ligands. In contrast, a ligand redistribution reaction occurs in 3 leading to a tris(4-ethylthiosemicarbazide) nickel(II) cation, with hydrogen malonate [Hmalonate](-) included as an anion. Compounds 1 - 3 and 5 are ionic, with the ions connected into hydrogen-bonded networks. Compound 4 forms coordination polymers, which are linked into the gross structure via hydrogen bonds. The nature of malonate coordination is dependent on the metal, whilst the hydrogen bonding capabilities of the thiosemicarbazide ligand influence the interactions observed in forming the three-dimensional structures.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)388-397
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 2005


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