The role of parenting behaviors in childhood post-traumatic stress disorder: a meta-analytic review

Victoria Williamson, Cathy Creswell, Pasco Fearon, Rachel M. Hiller, Jennifer Walker, Sarah L. Halligan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Studies that have examined the association between parenting behaviors and childhood post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have yielded mixed findings. To clarify the role of parenting in childhood PTSD we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of 14 studies that investigated the association between parenting and youth PTSD symptoms (total n = 4010). Negative parenting behaviors (e.g. overprotection, hostility) accounted for 5.3% of the variance in childhood PTSD symptoms. Positive parenting behaviors (e.g. warmth, support) account for 2.0% of variance. The negative and positive parenting and child PTSD symptom associations did not statistically differ in magnitude. Moderator analyses indicated that methodological factors and trauma variables may affect the association between parenting and child PTSD. Most studies relied upon questionnaire measures of general parenting style, and studies were predominantly cross-sectional with weaker evidence found in longitudinal studies. Given the small number of high quality studies available, only provisional recommendations about the role of parenting in childhood PTSD are made.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalClinical Psychology Review
Volume53
Early online date20 Jan 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Apr 2017

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