The role of affective and cognitive individual differences in social perception

Antonio Aquino, Geoffrey Haddock, Gregory Maio, Lukas J. Wolf, Francesca R. Alparone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)
113 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Three studies explored the connection between social perception processes and individual differences in the use of affective and cognitive information in relation to attitudes. Study 1 revealed that individuals high in need for affect (NFA) accentuated differences in evaluations of warm and cold traits, whereas individuals high in need for cognition (NFC) accentuated differences in evaluations of competent and incompetent traits. Study 2 revealed that individual differences in NFA predicted liking of warm or cold targets, whereas individual differences in NFC predicted perceptions of competent or incompetent targets. Furthermore, the effects of NFA and NFC were independent of structural bases and meta-bases of attitudes. Study 3 revealed that differences in the evaluation of warm and cold traits mediated the effects of NFA and NFC on liking of targets. The implications for social perception processes and for individual differences in affect–cognition are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)798-810
Number of pages13
JournalPersonality and Social Psychology Bulletin
Volume42
Issue number6
Early online date18 Apr 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2016

Fingerprint

Social Perception
Individuality
Cognition

Keywords

  • Affect
  • Cognition
  • Individual Differences
  • Social Perception

Cite this

The role of affective and cognitive individual differences in social perception. / Aquino, Antonio; Haddock, Geoffrey; Maio, Gregory; Wolf, Lukas J.; Alparone, Francesca R.

In: Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, Vol. 42, No. 6, 01.06.2016, p. 798-810.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Aquino, Antonio ; Haddock, Geoffrey ; Maio, Gregory ; Wolf, Lukas J. ; Alparone, Francesca R. / The role of affective and cognitive individual differences in social perception. In: Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin. 2016 ; Vol. 42, No. 6. pp. 798-810.
@article{e44361c3cfb84dd499a8cda5cfdcbb10,
title = "The role of affective and cognitive individual differences in social perception",
abstract = "Three studies explored the connection between social perception processes and individual differences in the use of affective and cognitive information in relation to attitudes. Study 1 revealed that individuals high in need for affect (NFA) accentuated differences in evaluations of warm and cold traits, whereas individuals high in need for cognition (NFC) accentuated differences in evaluations of competent and incompetent traits. Study 2 revealed that individual differences in NFA predicted liking of warm or cold targets, whereas individual differences in NFC predicted perceptions of competent or incompetent targets. Furthermore, the effects of NFA and NFC were independent of structural bases and meta-bases of attitudes. Study 3 revealed that differences in the evaluation of warm and cold traits mediated the effects of NFA and NFC on liking of targets. The implications for social perception processes and for individual differences in affect–cognition are discussed.",
keywords = "Affect, Cognition, Individual Differences, Social Perception",
author = "Antonio Aquino and Geoffrey Haddock and Gregory Maio and Wolf, {Lukas J.} and Alparone, {Francesca R.}",
year = "2016",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/0146167216643936",
language = "English",
volume = "42",
pages = "798--810",
journal = "Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin",
issn = "0146-1672",
publisher = "Sage Publications",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The role of affective and cognitive individual differences in social perception

AU - Aquino, Antonio

AU - Haddock, Geoffrey

AU - Maio, Gregory

AU - Wolf, Lukas J.

AU - Alparone, Francesca R.

PY - 2016/6/1

Y1 - 2016/6/1

N2 - Three studies explored the connection between social perception processes and individual differences in the use of affective and cognitive information in relation to attitudes. Study 1 revealed that individuals high in need for affect (NFA) accentuated differences in evaluations of warm and cold traits, whereas individuals high in need for cognition (NFC) accentuated differences in evaluations of competent and incompetent traits. Study 2 revealed that individual differences in NFA predicted liking of warm or cold targets, whereas individual differences in NFC predicted perceptions of competent or incompetent targets. Furthermore, the effects of NFA and NFC were independent of structural bases and meta-bases of attitudes. Study 3 revealed that differences in the evaluation of warm and cold traits mediated the effects of NFA and NFC on liking of targets. The implications for social perception processes and for individual differences in affect–cognition are discussed.

AB - Three studies explored the connection between social perception processes and individual differences in the use of affective and cognitive information in relation to attitudes. Study 1 revealed that individuals high in need for affect (NFA) accentuated differences in evaluations of warm and cold traits, whereas individuals high in need for cognition (NFC) accentuated differences in evaluations of competent and incompetent traits. Study 2 revealed that individual differences in NFA predicted liking of warm or cold targets, whereas individual differences in NFC predicted perceptions of competent or incompetent targets. Furthermore, the effects of NFA and NFC were independent of structural bases and meta-bases of attitudes. Study 3 revealed that differences in the evaluation of warm and cold traits mediated the effects of NFA and NFC on liking of targets. The implications for social perception processes and for individual differences in affect–cognition are discussed.

KW - Affect

KW - Cognition

KW - Individual Differences

KW - Social Perception

U2 - 10.1177/0146167216643936

DO - 10.1177/0146167216643936

M3 - Article

VL - 42

SP - 798

EP - 810

JO - Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin

JF - Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin

SN - 0146-1672

IS - 6

ER -