Hygroscopic finishing materials can be used to moderate indoor humidity levels; they have the capacity to adsorb and release moisture from and to the surrounding air, depending on the indoor relative humidity levels. To determine the moisture buffering properties of materials several protocols have been introduced. However, testing procedures are based on a time-response method, where humidity variations are under a square wave function and temperature remains constant. Therefore, the ability of these methods to simulate material behaviour under real conditions, where cyclical humidity variations are more gradual, and temperature is variable, has been called into question. The aim of this study is to perform a standard moisture buffering test, by substituting the step-variation method, with a sinusoidal humidity function at different temperatures. Clay has been used to perform the tests in a climatic chamber, where a small increase of relative humidity have been set, in order to obtain a quasi-sinusoidal curve. The relative humidity variation are limited by low humidity (33% RH) and high humidity (75% RH) and temperature variation between 18 °C and 28 °C. Materials tested present a lag in the response to the peak relative humidity to peak mass gain, which suggests an alternative way to consider the rate of sorption and the moisture storage function. The significance of the paper is to develop a laboratory test that can be more readily compared with the behaviour real buildings, which operate under more of a sine waveform
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 6 Sept 2019
EventCentral European Symposium On Building Physics 2019 - Prague, Czech Republic
Duration: 2 Sept 20195 Sept 2019


ConferenceCentral European Symposium On Building Physics 2019
Abbreviated titleCESBP 2019
Country/TerritoryCzech Republic


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