The relationship between attitudes towards different containment measures and their usage in a national sample of psychiatric inpatients

C Dack, J Ross, L Bowers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aims of this report were to explore the relationships between patients' approval of containment measures, their levels of usage and patients' individual experience of each measure. Additionally the psychometric properties of the Attitudes to Containment Measures Questionnaire (ACMQ) were tested. A cross-sectional design was used. The ACMQ was completed by 1361 patients across 136 acute psychiatric wards from three regions in England that participated in the 'City 128' study. Staff on each ward completed the Patient-Staff Conflict Checklist - Shift Report at the end of each shift to log how often each containment measure was used. Frequency of patient reported containment correlated with rates reported by staff. Patients had separate attitudes to each containment measure rather than an attitude towards containment in general. High frequency of coerced intramuscular (IM) medication use was associated with negative attitudes to nearly all types of containment. The ACMQ has good construct validity. In wards where high levels of IM medication are used, all patients have lower approval ratings for a number of other containment measures. This suggests that IM medication has a negative impact not only on those subjected to it but also patients who witness it. Measures to reduce the negative impact of IM medication are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)577-86
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
Volume19
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2012

Keywords

  • Adult
  • Attitude to Health
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypnotics and Sedatives
  • Injections, Intramuscular
  • Inpatients
  • Male
  • Mental Disorders
  • Middle Aged
  • Patient Isolation
  • Psychiatric Department, Hospital
  • Psychometrics
  • Questionnaires
  • Restraint, Physical
  • Young Adult

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