The Preissmann box scheme and its modification for transcritical flows

Melina A Freitag, K W Morton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (SciVal)


The Preissmann box scheme is the standard numerical method used by hydraulic engineers to model open channel flows or surcharged flows in pipes; but it breaks down for transcritical flows. Various alternatives have been suggested for such cases, but we show how simple modifications of the difference scheme and its method of solution enable both to be used for such flows. Analysis of the double-sweeping Thomas algorithm shows both how it works in the subcritical case and the effectiveness of its modification for transcritical flows. A well-known analytical transcritical flow is used to demonstrate the accuracy of the new numerical scheme
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)791-811
Number of pages21
JournalInternational Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2007


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