The modelling, prediction, and experimental evaluation of gear pump meshing pressures with particular reference to aero-engine fuel pumps

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Abstract

This paper presents the development of a model for the evaluation of pressure transients occurring within an involute tooth form twin-pinion gear pump and addresses, in particular, the influence of cavitation. The latter can cause erosion, limiting the life of such pumps, and liberate hard particles, leading to secondary damage elsewhere. The model considers the inter-tooth volumes that are formed at the roots of the driver and driven gears and utilizes the continuity equations by considering compressible flow into and out of these volumes. Cavitation arising from insufficient flow into the expanding inter-tooth volumes is taken into account. The continuity equations are expressed in terms of fluid density rather than pressure. Hence correct solutions are ensured even during cavitating conditions, when the minimum void pressure is fixed at the appropriate vapour pressure. The effectiveness of the model is assessed through gear pump meshing pressure measurement and flow visualization. The significant influence of inlet pressure ripple on low-pressure predictions is also investigated.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)365-379
Number of pages15
JournalProceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part I: Journal of Systems and Control Engineering
Volume220
Issue numberI5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

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Fuel pumps
Gear pumps
Engines
Cavitation
Compressible flow
Flow visualization
Pressure measurement
Vapor pressure
Gears
Erosion
Pumps
Fluids

Cite this

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title = "The modelling, prediction, and experimental evaluation of gear pump meshing pressures with particular reference to aero-engine fuel pumps",
abstract = "This paper presents the development of a model for the evaluation of pressure transients occurring within an involute tooth form twin-pinion gear pump and addresses, in particular, the influence of cavitation. The latter can cause erosion, limiting the life of such pumps, and liberate hard particles, leading to secondary damage elsewhere. The model considers the inter-tooth volumes that are formed at the roots of the driver and driven gears and utilizes the continuity equations by considering compressible flow into and out of these volumes. Cavitation arising from insufficient flow into the expanding inter-tooth volumes is taken into account. The continuity equations are expressed in terms of fluid density rather than pressure. Hence correct solutions are ensured even during cavitating conditions, when the minimum void pressure is fixed at the appropriate vapour pressure. The effectiveness of the model is assessed through gear pump meshing pressure measurement and flow visualization. The significant influence of inlet pressure ripple on low-pressure predictions is also investigated.",
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T1 - The modelling, prediction, and experimental evaluation of gear pump meshing pressures with particular reference to aero-engine fuel pumps

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AU - Keogh, P S

AU - Edge, K A

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N2 - This paper presents the development of a model for the evaluation of pressure transients occurring within an involute tooth form twin-pinion gear pump and addresses, in particular, the influence of cavitation. The latter can cause erosion, limiting the life of such pumps, and liberate hard particles, leading to secondary damage elsewhere. The model considers the inter-tooth volumes that are formed at the roots of the driver and driven gears and utilizes the continuity equations by considering compressible flow into and out of these volumes. Cavitation arising from insufficient flow into the expanding inter-tooth volumes is taken into account. The continuity equations are expressed in terms of fluid density rather than pressure. Hence correct solutions are ensured even during cavitating conditions, when the minimum void pressure is fixed at the appropriate vapour pressure. The effectiveness of the model is assessed through gear pump meshing pressure measurement and flow visualization. The significant influence of inlet pressure ripple on low-pressure predictions is also investigated.

AB - This paper presents the development of a model for the evaluation of pressure transients occurring within an involute tooth form twin-pinion gear pump and addresses, in particular, the influence of cavitation. The latter can cause erosion, limiting the life of such pumps, and liberate hard particles, leading to secondary damage elsewhere. The model considers the inter-tooth volumes that are formed at the roots of the driver and driven gears and utilizes the continuity equations by considering compressible flow into and out of these volumes. Cavitation arising from insufficient flow into the expanding inter-tooth volumes is taken into account. The continuity equations are expressed in terms of fluid density rather than pressure. Hence correct solutions are ensured even during cavitating conditions, when the minimum void pressure is fixed at the appropriate vapour pressure. The effectiveness of the model is assessed through gear pump meshing pressure measurement and flow visualization. The significant influence of inlet pressure ripple on low-pressure predictions is also investigated.

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