The Missing Politics of Restitution: Answering Esposito’s Triptych of Political Ontology

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Abstract

This article discusses Roberto Esposito’s three paradigms of political ontology: destitution, constitution and institution, based respectively on (post-)Heideggerian, Deleuzian and neo-Machiavellian/Lefortian concepts. I argue that we need to enlarge this conception of political ontology to make room for other ontological theorizing. I therefore present a fourth paradigm – restitution – that conditions the other three paradigms. This alternative conception of ontological politics is derived from social anthropology with the aim to integrate environmental justice in the three-fold framework. Restitution here accounts for multiple worlds, composed of different modes of existence. In late capitalist ontology, there is no room for other ontologies. Esposito misses that there are at least a thousand political ontologies that cannot be subsumed into an overarching whole, whether it is constituting power or instituting power. Restituting is not about reifying or preserving existing ontologies as late capitalist ontology does (Povinelli). It is about reclaiming practices, techniques and local knowledges for new problems arising from extractivism, the climate emergency and technological disruptions.
Original languageEnglish
JournalCultural Critique
Volume115
Publication statusAcceptance date - 30 Nov 2020

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