The Macwave program to study gravity wave forcing of the polar mesosphere during summer and winter

R. A. Goldberg, D. C. Fritts, B. P. Williams, F. J. Schmidlin, C. L. Croskey, J. D. Mitchell, F. J. Lübken, M. Rapp, W. Singer, R. Latteck, T. A. Blix, M. Friedrich, S. Kirkwood, N. Mitchell, K. H. Fricke

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

8 Citations (SciVal)


Gravity waves provide the dominant forcing of the mesosphere and lower thermosphere (MLT) under solstice conditions via energy and momentum transports from lower altitudes and their dissipation in the MLT. Despite this, the quantitative aspects of this important forcing are poorly understood at present. MaCWAVE is an acronym for Mountain and Convective Waves Ascending Vertically. This correlative rocket, ground-based, and satellite program was designed to address these issues with launch sequences into the polar MLT during summer 2002 and winter 2003 conditions. The programs were conducted at the Norwegian Andeya Rocket Range (ARR, 69.3°N) in July, 2002, and at the Swedish Rocket Range (ESRANGE, 67.9°N) during January, 2003. Correlative instrumentation included the ALOMAR radars and lidars (including the new Weber sodium lidar), ESRANGE RMR lidar, MST and meteor radars (ESRAO and SkiYmet), radiosondes, and TIMED satellite measurements of thermal, wind, and constituent structures. A program description plus preliminary results are discussed here.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)345-350
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Space Agency, (Special Publication) ESA SP
Publication statusPublished - 10 Nov 2003
EventProceedings of the 16th ESA Symposium on European Rocket and Balloon Programmes and Related Research - Sankt Gallen, Switzerland
Duration: 2 Jun 20035 Jun 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Space and Planetary Science


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