The influence of violent media on children and adolescents

A public health approach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

166 Citations (Scopus)
134 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

There is continuing debate on the extent of the effects of media violence on children and young people, and how to investigate these effects. The aim of this review is to consider the research evidence from a public-health perspective. A search of published work revealed five meta-analytic reviews and one quasi-systematic review, all of which were from North America. There is consistent evidence that violent imagery in television, film and video, and computer games has substantial short-term effects on arousal, thoughts, and emotions, increasing the likelihood of aggressive or fearful behaviour in younger children, especially in boys. The evidence becomes inconsistent when considering older children and teenagers, and long-term outcomes for all ages. The multifactorial nature of aggression is emphasised, together with the methodological difficulties of showing causation. Nevertheless, a small but significant association is shown in the research, with an effect size that has a substantial effect on public health. By Contrast, only weak evidence from correlation studies links media violence directly to crime.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)702-710
Number of pages9
JournalLancet
Volume365
Issue number9460
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Feb 2005

Fingerprint

Video Games
Public Health
Violence
Imagery (Psychotherapy)
Television
Crime
North America
Arousal
Aggression
Research
Causality
Emotions

Cite this

The influence of violent media on children and adolescents : A public health approach. / Browne, Kevin D.; Hamilton-Giachritsis, Catherine.

In: Lancet, Vol. 365, No. 9460, 25.02.2005, p. 702-710.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{50de6ace3394486084c531e9fa39e5a3,
title = "The influence of violent media on children and adolescents: A public health approach",
abstract = "There is continuing debate on the extent of the effects of media violence on children and young people, and how to investigate these effects. The aim of this review is to consider the research evidence from a public-health perspective. A search of published work revealed five meta-analytic reviews and one quasi-systematic review, all of which were from North America. There is consistent evidence that violent imagery in television, film and video, and computer games has substantial short-term effects on arousal, thoughts, and emotions, increasing the likelihood of aggressive or fearful behaviour in younger children, especially in boys. The evidence becomes inconsistent when considering older children and teenagers, and long-term outcomes for all ages. The multifactorial nature of aggression is emphasised, together with the methodological difficulties of showing causation. Nevertheless, a small but significant association is shown in the research, with an effect size that has a substantial effect on public health. By Contrast, only weak evidence from correlation studies links media violence directly to crime.",
author = "Browne, {Kevin D.} and Catherine Hamilton-Giachritsis",
year = "2005",
month = "2",
day = "25",
doi = "10.1016/S0140-6736(05)66372-6",
language = "English",
volume = "365",
pages = "702--710",
journal = "The Lancet",
issn = "0140-6736",
publisher = "Elsevier Masson",
number = "9460",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The influence of violent media on children and adolescents

T2 - A public health approach

AU - Browne, Kevin D.

AU - Hamilton-Giachritsis, Catherine

PY - 2005/2/25

Y1 - 2005/2/25

N2 - There is continuing debate on the extent of the effects of media violence on children and young people, and how to investigate these effects. The aim of this review is to consider the research evidence from a public-health perspective. A search of published work revealed five meta-analytic reviews and one quasi-systematic review, all of which were from North America. There is consistent evidence that violent imagery in television, film and video, and computer games has substantial short-term effects on arousal, thoughts, and emotions, increasing the likelihood of aggressive or fearful behaviour in younger children, especially in boys. The evidence becomes inconsistent when considering older children and teenagers, and long-term outcomes for all ages. The multifactorial nature of aggression is emphasised, together with the methodological difficulties of showing causation. Nevertheless, a small but significant association is shown in the research, with an effect size that has a substantial effect on public health. By Contrast, only weak evidence from correlation studies links media violence directly to crime.

AB - There is continuing debate on the extent of the effects of media violence on children and young people, and how to investigate these effects. The aim of this review is to consider the research evidence from a public-health perspective. A search of published work revealed five meta-analytic reviews and one quasi-systematic review, all of which were from North America. There is consistent evidence that violent imagery in television, film and video, and computer games has substantial short-term effects on arousal, thoughts, and emotions, increasing the likelihood of aggressive or fearful behaviour in younger children, especially in boys. The evidence becomes inconsistent when considering older children and teenagers, and long-term outcomes for all ages. The multifactorial nature of aggression is emphasised, together with the methodological difficulties of showing causation. Nevertheless, a small but significant association is shown in the research, with an effect size that has a substantial effect on public health. By Contrast, only weak evidence from correlation studies links media violence directly to crime.

UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(05)66372-6

U2 - 10.1016/S0140-6736(05)66372-6

DO - 10.1016/S0140-6736(05)66372-6

M3 - Article

VL - 365

SP - 702

EP - 710

JO - The Lancet

JF - The Lancet

SN - 0140-6736

IS - 9460

ER -