The influence of hydrophobicity, roughness and charge upon ultrafiltration membranes for black tea liquor clarification

Philip J. Evans, Michael R. Bird, Arto Pihlajamaeki, Marianne Nystroem

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78 Citations (SciVal)


This paper investigates the clarification of black tea using UF membranes. The efficiency of sepn. and the final product quality were investigated using regenerated cellulose (RC) and fluoropolymer (FP) membranes of different nominal molar mass cut-off values. Changes during filtration in the hydrophobicity, surface charge on the pore walls, surface roughness and chem. properties were investigated. Results indicate that both of the membrane materials studied produced clarified tea liquors with polyphenol transmission rates of .apprx.90%. Increased fouling was present on rougher, more hydrophobic FP surfaces. When roughness, charge and hydrophobicity were similar (i.e. for the RC membrane), variation in pore size was not found to affect the filtration properties significantly over the range investigated. Porous structures with isoelec. points at the pH of the liquor being filtered were linked to an increased fouling tendency. All RC and FP100 kg mol-1 membranes were cleaned relatively easily. FP10 kg mol-1 and FP30 kg mol-1 membranes were found to have undergone surface modification, including increased neg. charge and changes in hydrophobicity. The dominant fouling mechanism during all ultrafiltration expts. was found to be cake filtration. The cake formed on RC membranes is thought to dominate filtration properties due to similar transmissions detected through varied pore sizes. [on SciFinder (R)]
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)250-262
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Issue number1-2
Early online date16 Jan 2008
Publication statusPublished - 10 Apr 2008


  • Ultrafiltration
  • roughness and charge influence upon ultrafiltration membranes for black tea liquor clarification)
  • Optical properties (translucency
  • Tea products (beverages
  • Hydrophobicity
  • black tea clarification ultrafilter hydrophobicity roughness charge
  • Ultrafilters
  • BSU (Biological study
  • nonpolymeric
  • Fluoropolymers Role
  • Clarification
  • engineering or chemical process)
  • Fouling
  • Surface electric charge
  • USES (Uses) (hydrophobicity
  • Pore size
  • unclassified)
  • BIOL (Biological study)
  • PRP (Properties)
  • Phenols Role
  • Zeta potential (hydrophobicity
  • Surface roughness
  • PROC (Process) (polyphenols
  • TEM (Technical or engineered material use)
  • hydrophobicity
  • PEP (Physical


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