The influence of crystal habit on the prediction of dry powder inhalation formulation performance using the cohesive-adhesive force balance approach

Jennifer C Hooton, Matthew Jones, Haggis Harris, Jagdeep Shur, Robert Price

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this investigation was to study the influence of crystalline habit of active pharmaceutical ingredients on the cohesive-adhesive force balance within model dry powder inhaler (DPI) formulations and the corresponding affect on DPI formulation performance. The cohesive-adhesive balance (CAB) approach to colloid probe atomic force microscopy (AFM) was employed to determine the cohesive and adhesive interactions of micronized budesonide particles against the {102} and {002} faces of budesonide single crystals and crystalline substrates of different sugars (cyclodextrin, lactose, trehalose, raffinose, and xylitol), respectively. These data were used to measure the relative level of cohesion and adhesion via CAB and the possible influence on in vitro performance of a carrier-based DPI formulation. Varying the crystal habit of the drug had a significant effect on the cohesive measurement of micronized budesonide probes, with the cohesive values on the {102} faces being approximately twice that on the {002} crystal faces. However, although different CAB values were measured with the sugars with respect to the crystal faces chosen for the cohesive-based measurement, the overall influence on the rank order of the CAB values was not directly influenced. For these data sets, the CAB gradient indicated that a decrease in the dominance of the adhesive forces led to a concomitant increase in fine particle delivery, reaching a plateau as the cohesive forces became dominant. The study suggested that crystal habit of the primary drug crystals influences the cohesive interactions and the resulting force balance measurements of colloid probe CAB analysis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)974-83
Number of pages10
JournalDrug Development and Industrial Pharmacy
Volume34
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2008

Keywords

  • Adhesiveness
  • Budesonide
  • Chemistry, Pharmaceutical
  • Crystallization
  • Microscopy, Atomic Force
  • Models, Molecular
  • Nebulizers and Vaporizers
  • Powders

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