The impact of economic factors on the relationships between psychological contract breach and work outcomes: a meta-analysis

Anusha Thushel Jayaweera, Matthjis Bal, Katharina Chudzikowski, Simon De Jong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explore the macro-economic factors that may moderate the psychological contract breach and work outcome relationship.
Design/methodology/ approach: This study conducted a meta-analysis of the based-on data from 95 studies.
Findings: The study revealed that the inflation rate and the unemployment rate of a country moderated the association among employee psychological contract breach, job performance and turnover.
Research limitations/ implications: The availability of more detailed macro-economic data against the PCB and outcome relationship for other countries and studies examining the impact of micro-economic data for psychological contract breach and outcome relationship would provide a better understanding of the context.
Social implications: Employment policies to capture the impact of macro-economic circumstances as discussed.
Originality/value: The paper contributes to understanding the impact of macro-economic indicators on the relationships among psychological contract breach, job performance and turnover.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEmployee Relations
Early online date20 Oct 2020
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 20 Oct 2020


  • Psychological contract breach,
  • job performance
  • turnover
  • inflation rate
  • unemployment rate
  • meta-analysis

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