OBJECTIVE: This study explores the perceptions of patients receiving treatment for Hepatitis C to determine what factors influence their decision to commence treatment, ability to maintain adherence and complete their treatment program.
DESIGN: Semi-structured interview techniques were used in a qualitative study of 20 patients undergoing treatment for Chronic Hepatitis C (CHC).
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: To explore patients' perceived barriers and facilitators of Hepatitis C treatment adherence and completion.
RESULTS: Analysis of patient interviews identified four key themes: (1) motivations for commencing CHC treatment - fear of death and ridding themselves of stigma and shame; (2) the influential role of provider communication - patients reported that information and feedback that was personalised to their needs and lifestyles was the most effective for improving adherence to treatment; (3) facilitators of treatment adherence and completion - social, emotional and practical support improved adherence and completion, as did temporarily ceasing employment; (4) barriers to treatment adherence and completion - these included side effects, stigma, a complicated dosing schedule and limitations of the public healthcare system.
CONCLUSION: To increase treatment adherence and completion rates, a patient-centred approach is required that addresses patients' social, practical, and emotional support needs and adaptive coping strategies.
- Antiviral Agents/administration & dosage
- Attitude to Health
- Employment/statistics & numerical data
- Health Services Accessibility
- Hepatitis C/psychology
- Middle Aged
- Patient Compliance/psychology
- Physician-Patient Relations
- Qualitative Research
- Social Stigma
- Social Support