The geography of duplicated inventions: evidence from patent citations

Stefano Baruffaldi, Julio Raffo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (SciVal)


The geography of duplicated inventions: evidence from patent citations. Regional Studies. Innovators often claim inventions that turn out to duplicate, at least in part, existing ones. This paper advances the claim that for recent and upcoming inventions, competitive incentives are high, and localized knowledge flows increase the probability of duplication. Therefore, over a brief period of time the probability of duplication is higher at short geographical distance. Conversely, the duplication of less recent inventions is more likely at long distance as a consequence of a lower awareness of the existence of a technology. This claim is supported by coherent descriptive and multivariate evidence using data on patent citation categories from the European Patent Office (EPO).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1232-1245
Number of pages14
JournalRegional Studies
Issue number8
Early online date16 Mar 2017
Publication statusPublished - 3 Aug 2017


  • duplication
  • geography
  • knowledge spillovers
  • patent citations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Social Sciences(all)


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