In eukaryotes, unlike in bacteria, gene order has typically been assumed to be random. However, the first statistically rigorous analyses of complete genomes, together with the availability of abundant gene-expression data, have forced a paradigm shift: in every complete eukaryotic genome that has been analysed so far, gene order is not random. It seems that genes that have similar and/or coordinated expression are often clustered. Here, we review this evidence and ask how such clusters evolve and how this relates to mechanisms that control gene expression.
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Nature Reviews Genetics|
|Publication status||Published - 2004|