The EU’s modernisation agenda for universities: the rising stars of French higher education

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Ever since the Lisbon European Council declared in March 2000 that Europe was to become the “most competitive and dynamic knowledge-based economy in the world”, European Union (EU) institutions have actively promoted various strategies to achieve this ambitious goal. For example, as early as 2003, the European Commission strongly advocated for a “Europe of Knowledge” (2003), and in the following years has regularly released Communications (2005, 2006, 2011) explicitly nudging member states to ‘modernise’ their higher education
systems and universities.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherCollege of Europe Policy Brief series
Number of pages5
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2016


  • France
  • French higher education
  • French politics
  • higher education policy
  • European Union

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