The collapsar model has proved highly successful in explaining the properties of long γ-ray bursts (GRBs), with the most direct confirmation being the detection of a supernova (SN) coincident with the majority of nearby long GRBs. Within this model, a long GRB is produced by the core-collapse of a metal-poor, rapidly rotating, massive star. The detection of some long GRBs in metal-rich environments, and more fundamentally the three examples of long GRBs (GRB 060505, GRB 060614 and GRB 111005A) with no coincident SN detection down to very deep limits is in strong contention with theoretical expectations. In this paper we present MUSE observations of the host galaxy of GRB 111005A, which is the most recent and compelling example yet of a SN-less, long GRB. At z = 0.01326, GRB 111005A is the third closest GRB ever detected, and second closest long duration GRB, enabling the nearby environment to be studied at a resolution of 270 pc. From the analysis of the MUSE data cube, we find GRB 111005A to have occurred within a metal-rich environment with little signs of ongoing star formation. Spectral analysis at the position of the GRB indicates the presence of an old stellar population (τ ≥ 10 Myr), which limits the mass of the GRB progenitor to M ZAMS < 15 M, in direct conflict with the collapsar model. Our deep limits on the presence of any SN emission combined with the environmental conditions at the position of GRB 111005A necessitate the exploration of a novel long GRB formation mechanism that is unrelated to massive stars.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Astronomy & Astrophysics|
|Early online date||27 Jul 2018|
|Publication status||Published - 31 Jul 2018|
- Galaxies: abundances
- Galaxies: ISM
- Galaxies: star formation
- Gamma-ray burst: general
- Gamma-ray burst: individual: GRB 111005A
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Space and Planetary Science
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- Department of Physics - Senior Lecturer
Person: Research & Teaching