The Effect of Vanes and Blades on Ingress in Gas Turbines

Fabian Patricio Hualca Tigsilema, Joshua Horwood, Carl Sangan, Gary Lock, James Scobie

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This paper presents experimental and computational results using a 1.5-stage test rig designed to investigate the effects of ingress through a double radial overlap rim-seal. The effect of the vanes and blades on ingress was investigated by a series of carefully-controlled experiments: firstly, the position of the vane relative to the rim seal was varied; secondly, the effect of the rotor blades was isolated using a disc with and without blades.
Measurements of steady pressure in the annulus show a strong influence of the vane position. The relationship between sealing effectiveness and purge flow-rate exhibited a pronounced inflexion for intermediate levels of purge; the inflexion did not occur for experiments with a bladeless rotor. Shifting the vane closer to the rim-seal, and therefore the blade, caused a local increase in ingress in the inflexion region; again this effect was not observed for the bladeless experiments.
Unsteady pressure measurements at the periphery of the wheel-space revealed the existence of large-scale pressure structures (or instabilities) which depended weakly on the vane position and sealing flow rate. These were measured with and without the blades on the rotor disc. In all cases these structures rotated close to the disc speed.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberGTP-19-1408
JournalJournal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power: Transactions of the ASME
Issue number2
Early online date1 Oct 2019
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2020


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