The effect of reaction conditions on the nature of cadmium 1,3,5-benzenetricarboxylate metal-organic frameworks

Andrew D Burrows, Christopher G Frost, M Kandiah, Luke L Keenan, Mary F Mahon, T L Savarese, J E Warren

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The product from the reaction between Cd(NO3)(2)center dot 4H(2)O and 1,3,5-benzenetricarboxylic acid (H(3)btc) in DMF at 95 degrees C depends on the reaction time, with [Cd(Hbtc)(H2O)(2)] 1 and [Cd(Hbtc)(DMF)(2)] 2 isolated after heating for 10 min, the latter after standing the solution for 1-2 weeks at room temperature. [Cd-3(btc)(2)(H2O)(9)]center dot 4H(2)O 3 was isolated after heating for 1 h, whereas [Cd-12(btc)(8)(DMF)(14)(OH2)(2)]center dot 1.5DMF 4 was isolated after heating for 2 days. Compounds 1 and 3 have been previously reported, whereas 2 and 4 are both new. Compound 2 adopts a two-dimensional sheet structure, with the coordinated DMF ligands projecting from both sides of the sheets, whereas 4 has a complex three-dimensional structure related to the fsc net. When the reaction was repeated in the presence of pyrazine (pyz), the product [Cd(Hbtc)(pyz)(DMF)]center dot DMF 5 was isolated as a minor compound. Compound 5 has a two-dimensional structure, with Cd-Hbtc zig-zag chains linked into sheets through the pyrazine ligands.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)303-309
Number of pages7
JournalInorganica Chimica Acta
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jan 2011



  • coordination polymer
  • cadmium
  • x-ray structural analyses
  • benzenetricarboxylate
  • metal-organic framework

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