The effect of porosity of a biphasic ceramic scaffold on human skeletal stem cell growth and differentiation in vivo

Alexander Aarvold, James O. Smith, Edward R. Tayton, Stuart A. Lanham, Julian B. Chaudhuri, Irene G. Turner, Richard O.C. Oreffo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Skeletal stem cell (SSC) growth on a novel porous HA/TCP scaffold has been investigated in vivo. The effect of porosity on osteogenic differentiation was assessed by comparing two groups of scaffolds with differing porosity but controlled pore size. Histology, microCT, scanning electron microscopy, and biochemical analysis were used to assess SSC proliferation and differentiation. The 45 pores per inch (ppi) scaffold demonstrated a greater increase in density than the 30 ppi scaffold following in vivo culture, and a reduction in dimensions of the pores and channels of the higher porosity scaffold was observed, indicating generation of new tissue within the pores. All scaffolds supported SSC proliferation but the higher scaffold porosity augmented osteogenic differentiation. ALP specific activity was enhanced on the 45 ppi scaffold compared to the 30 ppi scaffold. These studies demonstrate the importance of porosity in scaffold design and impact therein for tissue engineering application.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3431-3437
JournalJournal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part A
Volume101
Issue number12
Early online date9 Apr 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2013

Fingerprint

Cell growth
Scaffolds (biology)
Stem cells
Scaffolds
Porosity
Cell proliferation
Histology
Tissue engineering
Pore size
Tissue
Scanning electron microscopy

Cite this

Aarvold, A., Smith, J. O., Tayton, E. R., Lanham, S. A., Chaudhuri, J. B., Turner, I. G., & Oreffo, R. O. C. (2013). The effect of porosity of a biphasic ceramic scaffold on human skeletal stem cell growth and differentiation in vivo. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part A, 101(12), 3431-3437. https://doi.org/10.1002/jbm.a.34646

The effect of porosity of a biphasic ceramic scaffold on human skeletal stem cell growth and differentiation in vivo. / Aarvold, Alexander; Smith, James O.; Tayton, Edward R.; Lanham, Stuart A.; Chaudhuri, Julian B.; Turner, Irene G.; Oreffo, Richard O.C.

In: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part A, Vol. 101, No. 12, 12.2013, p. 3431-3437.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Aarvold, Alexander ; Smith, James O. ; Tayton, Edward R. ; Lanham, Stuart A. ; Chaudhuri, Julian B. ; Turner, Irene G. ; Oreffo, Richard O.C. / The effect of porosity of a biphasic ceramic scaffold on human skeletal stem cell growth and differentiation in vivo. In: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part A. 2013 ; Vol. 101, No. 12. pp. 3431-3437.
@article{9e3ae496a7384592880ce37eb7b65163,
title = "The effect of porosity of a biphasic ceramic scaffold on human skeletal stem cell growth and differentiation in vivo",
abstract = "Skeletal stem cell (SSC) growth on a novel porous HA/TCP scaffold has been investigated in vivo. The effect of porosity on osteogenic differentiation was assessed by comparing two groups of scaffolds with differing porosity but controlled pore size. Histology, microCT, scanning electron microscopy, and biochemical analysis were used to assess SSC proliferation and differentiation. The 45 pores per inch (ppi) scaffold demonstrated a greater increase in density than the 30 ppi scaffold following in vivo culture, and a reduction in dimensions of the pores and channels of the higher porosity scaffold was observed, indicating generation of new tissue within the pores. All scaffolds supported SSC proliferation but the higher scaffold porosity augmented osteogenic differentiation. ALP specific activity was enhanced on the 45 ppi scaffold compared to the 30 ppi scaffold. These studies demonstrate the importance of porosity in scaffold design and impact therein for tissue engineering application.",
author = "Alexander Aarvold and Smith, {James O.} and Tayton, {Edward R.} and Lanham, {Stuart A.} and Chaudhuri, {Julian B.} and Turner, {Irene G.} and Oreffo, {Richard O.C.}",
year = "2013",
month = "12",
doi = "10.1002/jbm.a.34646",
language = "English",
volume = "101",
pages = "3431--3437",
journal = "Journal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part A",
issn = "1549-3296",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Inc.",
number = "12",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The effect of porosity of a biphasic ceramic scaffold on human skeletal stem cell growth and differentiation in vivo

AU - Aarvold, Alexander

AU - Smith, James O.

AU - Tayton, Edward R.

AU - Lanham, Stuart A.

AU - Chaudhuri, Julian B.

AU - Turner, Irene G.

AU - Oreffo, Richard O.C.

PY - 2013/12

Y1 - 2013/12

N2 - Skeletal stem cell (SSC) growth on a novel porous HA/TCP scaffold has been investigated in vivo. The effect of porosity on osteogenic differentiation was assessed by comparing two groups of scaffolds with differing porosity but controlled pore size. Histology, microCT, scanning electron microscopy, and biochemical analysis were used to assess SSC proliferation and differentiation. The 45 pores per inch (ppi) scaffold demonstrated a greater increase in density than the 30 ppi scaffold following in vivo culture, and a reduction in dimensions of the pores and channels of the higher porosity scaffold was observed, indicating generation of new tissue within the pores. All scaffolds supported SSC proliferation but the higher scaffold porosity augmented osteogenic differentiation. ALP specific activity was enhanced on the 45 ppi scaffold compared to the 30 ppi scaffold. These studies demonstrate the importance of porosity in scaffold design and impact therein for tissue engineering application.

AB - Skeletal stem cell (SSC) growth on a novel porous HA/TCP scaffold has been investigated in vivo. The effect of porosity on osteogenic differentiation was assessed by comparing two groups of scaffolds with differing porosity but controlled pore size. Histology, microCT, scanning electron microscopy, and biochemical analysis were used to assess SSC proliferation and differentiation. The 45 pores per inch (ppi) scaffold demonstrated a greater increase in density than the 30 ppi scaffold following in vivo culture, and a reduction in dimensions of the pores and channels of the higher porosity scaffold was observed, indicating generation of new tissue within the pores. All scaffolds supported SSC proliferation but the higher scaffold porosity augmented osteogenic differentiation. ALP specific activity was enhanced on the 45 ppi scaffold compared to the 30 ppi scaffold. These studies demonstrate the importance of porosity in scaffold design and impact therein for tissue engineering application.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84875961237&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jbm.a.34646

U2 - 10.1002/jbm.a.34646

DO - 10.1002/jbm.a.34646

M3 - Article

VL - 101

SP - 3431

EP - 3437

JO - Journal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part A

JF - Journal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part A

SN - 1549-3296

IS - 12

ER -