Interest in developing renewable fuels is continuing to grow and biomass represents a viable source of renewable carbon with which to replace fossil-based components in transportation fuels. During our own work, we noticed that chemists think in terms of functional groups whereas fuel engineers think in terms of physical fuel properties. In this Concept article, we discuss the effect of carbon and oxygen functional groups on potential fuel properties. This serves as a way of informing our own thinking and provides us with a basis with which to design and synthesize molecules from biomass that could provide useful transportation fuels.
Jenkins, R. W., Moore, C. M., Semelsberger, T. A., Chuck, C. J., Gordon, J. C., & Sutton, A. D. (2016). The effect of functional groups in bio-derived fuel candidates. ChemSusChem, 9(9), 922-931. https://doi.org/10.1002/cssc.201600159