The onset of convection in a porous layer heated from below is considered, and we determine how the presence of two solid but heat-conducting bounding plates of finite thickness alters the manner in which convection ensues. Heat is generated by the lower plate (with an insulating lower boundary), but the upper one is passive with a fixed upper boundary temperature. It is shown that this composite layer may mimic in turn one of the three different types of classical single-layer onset problems which are well-known in the literature. The type which is selected (or indeed whether it corresponds to a transitional case) depends quite critically on the precise values of the relative thickness of the solid layers and their conductivity ratio. It is also shown that care needs to be taken over declaring that the solid plates are thin: extreme values of the conductivity ratio can yield a stability criterion which appears to be different from that suggested by the imposed boundary conditions.
|Number of pages||18|
|Journal||Transport in Porous Media|
|Early online date||27 Feb 2017|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 2017|
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- Department of Mechanical Engineering - Reader
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