The effect of childhood conduct disorder on human capital

Dinand Webbink, Sunčica Vujić, Pierre Koning, Nicholas Gordon Martin

Research output: Working paperDiscussion paper

54 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

This paper estimates the longer-term effects of childhood conduct disorder on human capital accumulation and violent and criminal behaviour later in life using data of Australian twins. We measure conduct disorder with a rich set of indicators based on diagnostic criteria from psychiatry (e.g., aggression to people and animals, destruction of property, deceitfulness or theft, and/or serious violations of rules). Using ordinary least squares (OLS) and twin fixed effects (FE) estimation approaches, we find that early (pre-18) conduct disorder problems significantly affect both human capital accumulation and violent and criminal behaviour over the life course. For instance, within pairs of identical twins we find that conduct disorder reduces the probability of high school graduation with 4 to 13 percent points and increases the probability of being arrested with 7 to 16 percent points. Robustness checks suggest that these estimates may be lower bounds of the true effects of conduct disorder. In addition, we find that conduct disorder is more deleterious if these behaviours occur earlier in life. We conclude that childhood mental health problems have high human and financial costs for families and society at large. Effective treatments early in life might yield high returns.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationThe Hague, the Netherlands
PublisherCPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis
Number of pages978
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2008

Fingerprint

Human capital
Childhood
Mental health
Animals
Diagnostics
Human capital accumulation
Life course
Aggression
Lower bounds
Ordinary least squares
Violations
Graduation
High school
Robustness
Costs

Keywords

  • Childhood and youth

Cite this

Webbink, D., Vujić, S., Koning, P., & Martin, N. G. (2008). The effect of childhood conduct disorder on human capital. The Hague, the Netherlands: CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.

The effect of childhood conduct disorder on human capital. / Webbink, Dinand; Vujić, Sunčica; Koning, Pierre; Martin, Nicholas Gordon.

The Hague, the Netherlands : CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis, 2008.

Research output: Working paperDiscussion paper

Webbink, D, Vujić, S, Koning, P & Martin, NG 2008 'The effect of childhood conduct disorder on human capital' CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis, The Hague, the Netherlands.
Webbink D, Vujić S, Koning P, Martin NG. The effect of childhood conduct disorder on human capital. The Hague, the Netherlands: CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis. 2008 Nov.
Webbink, Dinand ; Vujić, Sunčica ; Koning, Pierre ; Martin, Nicholas Gordon. / The effect of childhood conduct disorder on human capital. The Hague, the Netherlands : CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis, 2008.
@techreport{bed781e9bdec4980b180c3f87fbb4553,
title = "The effect of childhood conduct disorder on human capital",
abstract = "This paper estimates the longer-term effects of childhood conduct disorder on human capital accumulation and violent and criminal behaviour later in life using data of Australian twins. We measure conduct disorder with a rich set of indicators based on diagnostic criteria from psychiatry (e.g., aggression to people and animals, destruction of property, deceitfulness or theft, and/or serious violations of rules). Using ordinary least squares (OLS) and twin fixed effects (FE) estimation approaches, we find that early (pre-18) conduct disorder problems significantly affect both human capital accumulation and violent and criminal behaviour over the life course. For instance, within pairs of identical twins we find that conduct disorder reduces the probability of high school graduation with 4 to 13 percent points and increases the probability of being arrested with 7 to 16 percent points. Robustness checks suggest that these estimates may be lower bounds of the true effects of conduct disorder. In addition, we find that conduct disorder is more deleterious if these behaviours occur earlier in life. We conclude that childhood mental health problems have high human and financial costs for families and society at large. Effective treatments early in life might yield high returns.",
keywords = "Childhood and youth",
author = "Dinand Webbink and Sunčica Vujić and Pierre Koning and Martin, {Nicholas Gordon}",
note = "ID number: No 113",
year = "2008",
month = "11",
language = "English",
publisher = "CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis",
type = "WorkingPaper",
institution = "CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis",

}

TY - UNPB

T1 - The effect of childhood conduct disorder on human capital

AU - Webbink, Dinand

AU - Vujić, Sunčica

AU - Koning, Pierre

AU - Martin, Nicholas Gordon

N1 - ID number: No 113

PY - 2008/11

Y1 - 2008/11

N2 - This paper estimates the longer-term effects of childhood conduct disorder on human capital accumulation and violent and criminal behaviour later in life using data of Australian twins. We measure conduct disorder with a rich set of indicators based on diagnostic criteria from psychiatry (e.g., aggression to people and animals, destruction of property, deceitfulness or theft, and/or serious violations of rules). Using ordinary least squares (OLS) and twin fixed effects (FE) estimation approaches, we find that early (pre-18) conduct disorder problems significantly affect both human capital accumulation and violent and criminal behaviour over the life course. For instance, within pairs of identical twins we find that conduct disorder reduces the probability of high school graduation with 4 to 13 percent points and increases the probability of being arrested with 7 to 16 percent points. Robustness checks suggest that these estimates may be lower bounds of the true effects of conduct disorder. In addition, we find that conduct disorder is more deleterious if these behaviours occur earlier in life. We conclude that childhood mental health problems have high human and financial costs for families and society at large. Effective treatments early in life might yield high returns.

AB - This paper estimates the longer-term effects of childhood conduct disorder on human capital accumulation and violent and criminal behaviour later in life using data of Australian twins. We measure conduct disorder with a rich set of indicators based on diagnostic criteria from psychiatry (e.g., aggression to people and animals, destruction of property, deceitfulness or theft, and/or serious violations of rules). Using ordinary least squares (OLS) and twin fixed effects (FE) estimation approaches, we find that early (pre-18) conduct disorder problems significantly affect both human capital accumulation and violent and criminal behaviour over the life course. For instance, within pairs of identical twins we find that conduct disorder reduces the probability of high school graduation with 4 to 13 percent points and increases the probability of being arrested with 7 to 16 percent points. Robustness checks suggest that these estimates may be lower bounds of the true effects of conduct disorder. In addition, we find that conduct disorder is more deleterious if these behaviours occur earlier in life. We conclude that childhood mental health problems have high human and financial costs for families and society at large. Effective treatments early in life might yield high returns.

KW - Childhood and youth

UR - http://www.cpb.nl/sites/default/files/publicaties/download/effect-childhood-conduct-disorder-human-capital.pdf

M3 - Discussion paper

BT - The effect of childhood conduct disorder on human capital

PB - CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis

CY - The Hague, the Netherlands

ER -