The effect of childhood conduct disorder on human capital

Dinand Webbink, Sunčica Vujić, Pierre Koning, Nicholas Gordon Martin

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Abstract

This paper estimates the longer-term effects of childhood conduct disorder on human capital accumulation and violent and criminal behaviour later in life using data of Australian twins. We measure conduct disorder with a rich set of indicators based on diagnostic criteria from psychiatry (e.g., aggression to people and animals, destruction of property, deceitfulness or theft, and/or serious violations of rules). Using ordinary least squares (OLS) and twin fixed effects (FE) estimation approaches, we find that early (pre-18) conduct disorder problems significantly affect both human capital accumulation and violent and criminal behaviour over the life course. For instance, within pairs of identical twins we find that conduct disorder reduces the probability of high school graduation with 4 to 13 percent points and increases the probability of being arrested with 7 to 16 percent points. Robustness checks suggest that these estimates may be lower bounds of the true effects of conduct disorder. In addition, we find that conduct disorder is more deleterious if these behaviours occur earlier in life. We conclude that childhood mental health problems have high human and financial costs for families and society at large. Effective treatments early in life might yield high returns.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationThe Hague, the Netherlands
PublisherCPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis
Number of pages978
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2008

Keywords

  • Childhood and youth

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    Webbink, D., Vujić, S., Koning, P., & Martin, N. G. (2008). The effect of childhood conduct disorder on human capital. CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.