The effect of caffeine ingestion on skill maintenance and fatigue in epee fencers

Lindsay Bottoms, Andrew Greenhalgh, Kim Gregory

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The ergogenic effect of caffeine on sports performance focuses predominantly on endurance sports (Doherty & Smith, 2004) with little research on intermittent high intensity sports. This study aimed to explore the effect of caffeine ingestion on skill maintenance following fencing simulated exercise. Eleven competitive fencers participated (four female; seven male; age 33 ± 6.5 years). Following a maximal test to exhaustion, fencers completed two trials assessing accuracy and reaction times (Stroop test) before and after a fatiguing protocol designed to simulate the demands of a fencing competition. Skill testing involved 30 lunges to hit a target. 500 ml placebo or 3 mg · kg caffeine supplemented drink was administered after the initial reaction and skill tests in a single-blind crossover design. The fatiguing protocol involved simulating six fights with 6-minute rests between each. Fencers rated their perceived exertion (arm, legs, overall) using the Borg scale. There was no overall effect of caffeine on total skill score (P = 0.40), however there was a tendency for fewer misses with caffeine (P = 0.10). Caffeine had no effect on the Stroop Test. Caffeine produced significantly lower perceived fatigue for overall (P <0.01). These results provide some support for caffeine producing maintenance of skill and reducing perceived fatigue during fencing.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1091-1099
JournalJournal of Sports Sciences
Volume31
Issue number10
Early online date5 Feb 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

Caffeine
Fatigue
Eating
Maintenance
Stroop Test
Sports
Performance-Enhancing Substances
Athletic Performance
Cross-Over Studies
Reaction Time
Leg
Arm
Placebos
Research

Cite this

The effect of caffeine ingestion on skill maintenance and fatigue in epee fencers. / Bottoms, Lindsay; Greenhalgh, Andrew; Gregory, Kim.

In: Journal of Sports Sciences, Vol. 31, No. 10, 2013, p. 1091-1099.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bottoms, Lindsay ; Greenhalgh, Andrew ; Gregory, Kim. / The effect of caffeine ingestion on skill maintenance and fatigue in epee fencers. In: Journal of Sports Sciences. 2013 ; Vol. 31, No. 10. pp. 1091-1099.
@article{6694b11421694f1885f65778d79194cc,
title = "The effect of caffeine ingestion on skill maintenance and fatigue in epee fencers",
abstract = "The ergogenic effect of caffeine on sports performance focuses predominantly on endurance sports (Doherty & Smith, 2004) with little research on intermittent high intensity sports. This study aimed to explore the effect of caffeine ingestion on skill maintenance following fencing simulated exercise. Eleven competitive fencers participated (four female; seven male; age 33 ± 6.5 years). Following a maximal test to exhaustion, fencers completed two trials assessing accuracy and reaction times (Stroop test) before and after a fatiguing protocol designed to simulate the demands of a fencing competition. Skill testing involved 30 lunges to hit a target. 500 ml placebo or 3 mg · kg caffeine supplemented drink was administered after the initial reaction and skill tests in a single-blind crossover design. The fatiguing protocol involved simulating six fights with 6-minute rests between each. Fencers rated their perceived exertion (arm, legs, overall) using the Borg scale. There was no overall effect of caffeine on total skill score (P = 0.40), however there was a tendency for fewer misses with caffeine (P = 0.10). Caffeine had no effect on the Stroop Test. Caffeine produced significantly lower perceived fatigue for overall (P <0.01). These results provide some support for caffeine producing maintenance of skill and reducing perceived fatigue during fencing.",
author = "Lindsay Bottoms and Andrew Greenhalgh and Kim Gregory",
year = "2013",
doi = "10.1080/02640414.2013.764466",
language = "English",
volume = "31",
pages = "1091--1099",
journal = "Journal of Sports Sciences",
issn = "0264-0414",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "10",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The effect of caffeine ingestion on skill maintenance and fatigue in epee fencers

AU - Bottoms, Lindsay

AU - Greenhalgh, Andrew

AU - Gregory, Kim

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - The ergogenic effect of caffeine on sports performance focuses predominantly on endurance sports (Doherty & Smith, 2004) with little research on intermittent high intensity sports. This study aimed to explore the effect of caffeine ingestion on skill maintenance following fencing simulated exercise. Eleven competitive fencers participated (four female; seven male; age 33 ± 6.5 years). Following a maximal test to exhaustion, fencers completed two trials assessing accuracy and reaction times (Stroop test) before and after a fatiguing protocol designed to simulate the demands of a fencing competition. Skill testing involved 30 lunges to hit a target. 500 ml placebo or 3 mg · kg caffeine supplemented drink was administered after the initial reaction and skill tests in a single-blind crossover design. The fatiguing protocol involved simulating six fights with 6-minute rests between each. Fencers rated their perceived exertion (arm, legs, overall) using the Borg scale. There was no overall effect of caffeine on total skill score (P = 0.40), however there was a tendency for fewer misses with caffeine (P = 0.10). Caffeine had no effect on the Stroop Test. Caffeine produced significantly lower perceived fatigue for overall (P <0.01). These results provide some support for caffeine producing maintenance of skill and reducing perceived fatigue during fencing.

AB - The ergogenic effect of caffeine on sports performance focuses predominantly on endurance sports (Doherty & Smith, 2004) with little research on intermittent high intensity sports. This study aimed to explore the effect of caffeine ingestion on skill maintenance following fencing simulated exercise. Eleven competitive fencers participated (four female; seven male; age 33 ± 6.5 years). Following a maximal test to exhaustion, fencers completed two trials assessing accuracy and reaction times (Stroop test) before and after a fatiguing protocol designed to simulate the demands of a fencing competition. Skill testing involved 30 lunges to hit a target. 500 ml placebo or 3 mg · kg caffeine supplemented drink was administered after the initial reaction and skill tests in a single-blind crossover design. The fatiguing protocol involved simulating six fights with 6-minute rests between each. Fencers rated their perceived exertion (arm, legs, overall) using the Borg scale. There was no overall effect of caffeine on total skill score (P = 0.40), however there was a tendency for fewer misses with caffeine (P = 0.10). Caffeine had no effect on the Stroop Test. Caffeine produced significantly lower perceived fatigue for overall (P <0.01). These results provide some support for caffeine producing maintenance of skill and reducing perceived fatigue during fencing.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84873355942&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2013.764466

U2 - 10.1080/02640414.2013.764466

DO - 10.1080/02640414.2013.764466

M3 - Article

VL - 31

SP - 1091

EP - 1099

JO - Journal of Sports Sciences

JF - Journal of Sports Sciences

SN - 0264-0414

IS - 10

ER -