The effect of adsorbent characteristics on the performance of a continuous sorption-enhanced steam methane reforming process

Georgios C Koumpouras, Esat Alpay, Alexei Lapkin, Yulong Ding, Frantisek Stepanek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The steam methane reforming (SMR) process for hydrogen prodn. with in situ CO2 capture on adsorbent particles pneumatically conveyed through a monolithic catalytic reactor and subsequently regenerated ex situ, was considered. A math. model was formulated, based on differential mass and energy balances in the reactor and the regenerator, Langmuir isotherm for CO2 sorption equil., the linear driving force approxn. for sorption kinetics, and literature values for the kinetics of the three main SMR reactions. The effect of the adsorbent characteristics-the max. CO2 capacity and the sorption kinetics-on the overall process performance in terms of methane conversion and CO2 sepn. was systematically studied in a parametric study. The main conclusions of the study are that: (i) conversion enhancement and CO2 recovery show a strongly nonlinear dependence on both sorption capacity and kinetics; (ii) comparable conversion enhancement and CO2 recovery can be achieved by both lithium zirconite-like (high capacity, slow kinetics) and hydrotalcite-like (low capacity, fast kinetics) adsorbents; (iii) if an ideal adsorbent possessing hydrotalcite-like sorption kinetics and zirconite-like capacity were developed, the conversion enhancement factor could be more than doubled and a nearly 100% CO2 recovery could be achieved under otherwise identical conditions. [on SciFinder (R)]
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5632-5637
Number of pages6
JournalChemical Engineering Science
Volume62
Issue number18-20
Publication statusPublished - 2007

Keywords

  • Steam reforming (effect of adsorbent characteristics on performance of continuous sorption-enhanced steam methane reforming process)
  • for sorbent regeneration
  • Adsorption (thermal-swing
  • Adsorption (kinetics
  • Adsorbents
  • effect of adsorbent characteristics on performance of continuous sorption-enhanced steam methane reforming process)
  • Adsorption (Langmuir isotherms
  • adsorbent sorption methane steam reforming temp swing desorption regeneration

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