Three-wheeled tilting vehicles have many potential advantages. They combine the comfort and safety of a car with the fuel economy, size and manoeuvrability of a motorcycle. One major challenge is to fully understand and account for the unusual dynamics of this type of vehicle. This paper sets out the equations of motion for a vehicle with single front and twin rear wheels and compares them with those of a car and a motorcycle. The mathematical model shows that it is necessary to introduce a tilt-dependent rear wheel steer term to obtain balanced handling characteristics. A vehicle with a hydraulically actuated tilting system is considered as a case study. As the tilt actuators act against the non-tilting engine module, this has significant effects on the cornering dynamics. Finally, the difference between the lateral acceleration and the hydraulic response time is shown to be a key issue.
|Publication status||Published - Sep 2008|
|Event||FISITA World Automotive Congress 2008 - Munich, Germany|
Duration: 14 Sep 2008 → 19 Sep 2008
|Conference||FISITA World Automotive Congress 2008|
|Period||14/09/08 → 19/09/08|