The COVID-19 Own Risk Appraisal Scale (CORAS): Development and validation in two samples from the United Kingdom

Rusi Jaspal, Emanuele Fino, Glynis M. Breakwell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

Perceived risk is an important determinant of the adoption of preventive behaviours. In this article, the psychometric properties of the COVID-19 Own Risk Appraisal Scale (CORAS), including its development and validation in two samples in the United Kingdom, are described. The CORAS is a measure of perceived personal risk of contracting the disease, incorporating primarily intuitive with some analytic risk estimates. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were performed on data from 470 participants in the United Kingdom who completed the CORAS, the Fear of COVID-19 Scale and the COVID-19 Preventive Behaviours Index. Results showed that a unidimensional, six-item model fits the data well, with satisfactory fit indices, internal consistency and high item loadings onto the factor. We found no statistically significant differences by age, gender or ethnicity. The CORAS correlated positively with the Fear of COVID-19 Scale and the COVID-19 Preventive Behaviours Index, suggesting good concurrent validity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)790-804
JournalJournal of Health Psychology
Volume27
Issue number4
Early online date28 Oct 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2022

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • COVID-19 Own Risk Appraisal Scale
  • COVID-19 prevention
  • fear of COVID-19
  • perceived risk
  • scale validation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology

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