The contribution of anisotropic conductivity in the ionosphere to lightning flash bearing deviations in the ELF/ULF range

Martin Füllekrug, A I Sukhorukov

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15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Lightning flash bearing deviations in the ELF/ULF range are monitored at two independently operating measurement instruments in Hollister, California, and Silberborn, Germany. The lightning flash bearing deviation at Hollister exhibits a rotational dependence similar to 12 degrees, associated with the conductivity contrast between the Earth's crust and the nearby Pacific Ocean. The bearing deviations at both stations exhibit a pronounced diurnal local time variation similar to 11 degrees. This diurnal variation is attributed to the anisotropic conductivity in the ionosphere during day- and nighttime conditions. No bearing deviation dependency from the source-receiver distance can be distinguished. Correction for the mean rotational dependence at Hollister and the mean diurnal variation at both locations results in residual bearing deviations similar to +/-10 degrees which are related to the variability of anisotropic conductivity in the ionosphere on a subdiurnal time scale.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1109-1112
Number of pages4
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume26
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1999

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