OBJECTIVE: Healthcare practitioners (HCPs) experience barriers to changing routine consultation practice. Communication and recording of traditional, complementary and alternative medicines (TCAM) is inadequate. This pilot study explored the challenges of implementing a computerized template in primary care to facilitate communication on TCAM for paediatric eczema.
METHODS: A computerized template to record TCAM use, with links to evidence-based TCAM databases, was designed, based on qualitative research with patients and HCPs. Four London general practices implemented the template integrated with usual practice. Twelve focus groups during the 6 month study period explored HCPs' knowledge, communication and information sources regarding TCAM and perceived barriers to template implementation.
RESULTS: HCPs were initially enthusiastic about discussing TCAM, for improving communication and understanding patient's choices, but the template was used in under a third of consultations. HCPs were surprised at low TCAM use (10%) and lack of correlation with eczema or ethnicity. Reported barriers were time and remembering, due to busy, target-driven practice.
CONCLUSION: HCPs recognize the importance of discussing TCAM use for childhood eczema, and potential benefits for HCP-patient communication.
PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: Future tools to facilitate TCAM discussion should prioritise use of existing IT systems and address barriers to use, especially lack of time.
- Child, Preschool
- Complementary Therapies
- Focus Groups
- Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
- Interviews as Topic
- Physician-Patient Relations
- Pilot Projects
- Primary Health Care
- Qualitative Research
- Referral and Consultation