The Carnegie-Chicago Hubble Program. VII. The Distance to M101 via the Optical Tip of the Red Giant Branch Method

Rachael L. Beaton, Mark Seibert, Dylan Hatt, Wendy L. Freedman, Taylor J. Hoyt, In Sung Jang, Myung Gyoon Lee, Barry F. Madore, Andrew J. Monson, Jillian R. Neeley, Jeffrey A. Rich, Victoria Scowcroft

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Abstract

The Carnegie-Chicago Hubble Program (CCHP) is building a direct path to the Hubble constant (H 0) using Population II stars as the calibrator of the Type Ia supernova (SN Ia)-based distance scale. This path to calibrate the SNe Ia is independent of the systematics in the traditional Cepheid-based technique. In this paper, we present the distance to M101, the host to SN 2011fe, using the I-band tip of the red giant branch (TRGB) based on observations from the ACS/WFC instrument on the Hubble Space Telescope. The CCHP targets the halo of M101, where there is little to no host galaxy dust, the red giant branch is isolated from nearly all other stellar populations, and there is virtually no source confusion or crowding at the magnitude of the tip. Applying the standard procedure for the TRGB method from the other works in the CCHP series, we find a foreground-extinction-corrected M101 distance modulus of μ 0 = 29.07 ± 0.04stat ± 0.05sys mag, which corresponds to a distance of D = 6.52 ± 0.12stat ± 0.15sys Mpc. This result is consistent with several recent Cepheid-based determinations, suggesting agreement between Population I and II distance scales for this nearby SN Ia host galaxy. We further analyze four archival data sets for M101 that have targeted its outer disk to argue that targeting in the stellar halo provides much more reliable distance measurements from the TRGB method owing to the combination of multiple structural components and heavy population contamination. Application of the TRGB in complex regions will have sources of uncertainty not accounted for in commonly used uncertainty measurement techniques.
Original languageEnglish
Article number141
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume885
Issue number2
Early online date8 Nov 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Dec 2019

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The Carnegie-Chicago Hubble Program. VII. The Distance to M101 via the Optical Tip of the Red Giant Branch Method. / Beaton, Rachael L.; Seibert, Mark; Hatt, Dylan; Freedman, Wendy L.; Hoyt, Taylor J.; Jang, In Sung; Lee, Myung Gyoon; Madore, Barry F.; Monson, Andrew J.; Neeley, Jillian R.; Rich, Jeffrey A.; Scowcroft, Victoria.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 885, No. 2, 141, 10.12.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Beaton, RL, Seibert, M, Hatt, D, Freedman, WL, Hoyt, TJ, Jang, IS, Lee, MG, Madore, BF, Monson, AJ, Neeley, JR, Rich, JA & Scowcroft, V 2019, 'The Carnegie-Chicago Hubble Program. VII. The Distance to M101 via the Optical Tip of the Red Giant Branch Method', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 885, no. 2, 141. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/ab4263
Beaton, Rachael L. ; Seibert, Mark ; Hatt, Dylan ; Freedman, Wendy L. ; Hoyt, Taylor J. ; Jang, In Sung ; Lee, Myung Gyoon ; Madore, Barry F. ; Monson, Andrew J. ; Neeley, Jillian R. ; Rich, Jeffrey A. ; Scowcroft, Victoria. / The Carnegie-Chicago Hubble Program. VII. The Distance to M101 via the Optical Tip of the Red Giant Branch Method. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2019 ; Vol. 885, No. 2.
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abstract = "The Carnegie-Chicago Hubble Program (CCHP) is building a direct path to the Hubble constant (H 0) using Population II stars as the calibrator of the Type Ia supernova (SN Ia)-based distance scale. This path to calibrate the SNe Ia is independent of the systematics in the traditional Cepheid-based technique. In this paper, we present the distance to M101, the host to SN 2011fe, using the I-band tip of the red giant branch (TRGB) based on observations from the ACS/WFC instrument on the Hubble Space Telescope. The CCHP targets the halo of M101, where there is little to no host galaxy dust, the red giant branch is isolated from nearly all other stellar populations, and there is virtually no source confusion or crowding at the magnitude of the tip. Applying the standard procedure for the TRGB method from the other works in the CCHP series, we find a foreground-extinction-corrected M101 distance modulus of μ 0 = 29.07 ± 0.04stat ± 0.05sys mag, which corresponds to a distance of D = 6.52 ± 0.12stat ± 0.15sys Mpc. This result is consistent with several recent Cepheid-based determinations, suggesting agreement between Population I and II distance scales for this nearby SN Ia host galaxy. We further analyze four archival data sets for M101 that have targeted its outer disk to argue that targeting in the stellar halo provides much more reliable distance measurements from the TRGB method owing to the combination of multiple structural components and heavy population contamination. Application of the TRGB in complex regions will have sources of uncertainty not accounted for in commonly used uncertainty measurement techniques.",
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AU - Beaton, Rachael L.

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AU - Hatt, Dylan

AU - Freedman, Wendy L.

AU - Hoyt, Taylor J.

AU - Jang, In Sung

AU - Lee, Myung Gyoon

AU - Madore, Barry F.

AU - Monson, Andrew J.

AU - Neeley, Jillian R.

AU - Rich, Jeffrey A.

AU - Scowcroft, Victoria

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AB - The Carnegie-Chicago Hubble Program (CCHP) is building a direct path to the Hubble constant (H 0) using Population II stars as the calibrator of the Type Ia supernova (SN Ia)-based distance scale. This path to calibrate the SNe Ia is independent of the systematics in the traditional Cepheid-based technique. In this paper, we present the distance to M101, the host to SN 2011fe, using the I-band tip of the red giant branch (TRGB) based on observations from the ACS/WFC instrument on the Hubble Space Telescope. The CCHP targets the halo of M101, where there is little to no host galaxy dust, the red giant branch is isolated from nearly all other stellar populations, and there is virtually no source confusion or crowding at the magnitude of the tip. Applying the standard procedure for the TRGB method from the other works in the CCHP series, we find a foreground-extinction-corrected M101 distance modulus of μ 0 = 29.07 ± 0.04stat ± 0.05sys mag, which corresponds to a distance of D = 6.52 ± 0.12stat ± 0.15sys Mpc. This result is consistent with several recent Cepheid-based determinations, suggesting agreement between Population I and II distance scales for this nearby SN Ia host galaxy. We further analyze four archival data sets for M101 that have targeted its outer disk to argue that targeting in the stellar halo provides much more reliable distance measurements from the TRGB method owing to the combination of multiple structural components and heavy population contamination. Application of the TRGB in complex regions will have sources of uncertainty not accounted for in commonly used uncertainty measurement techniques.

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