The blending region hybrid framework for the simulation of stochastic reaction-diffusion processes

Kit Yates, Adam George, Armand Jordana, Cameron Smith, Andrew Duncan, Konstantinos Zygalakis

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Abstract

The simulation of stochastic reaction-diffusion systems using fine-grained representations can become computationally prohibitive when particle numbers become large. If particle numbers are sufficiently high then it may be possible to ignore stochastic fluctuations and use a more efficient coarse-grained simulation approach.
Nevertheless, for multiscale systems which exhibit significant spatial variation in concentration, a coarse-grained approach may not be appropriate throughout the simulation domain. Such scenarios suggest a hybrid paradigm in which a computationally cheap, coarse-grained model is coupled to a more expensive, but more detailed fine-grained model enabling the accurate simulation of the fine-scale dynamics at a reasonable computational cost.

In this paper, in order to couple two representations of reaction-diffusion at distinct spatial scales, we allow them to overlap in a ``blending region''. Both modelling paradigms provide a valid representation of the particle density in this region. From one end of the blending region to the other, control of the implementation of diffusion is passed from one modelling paradigm to another through the use of complementary ``blending functions'' which scale up or down the contribution of each model to the overall diffusion. We establish the reliability of our novel hybrid paradigm by demonstrating its simulation on four exemplar reaction-diffusion scenarios.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of the Royal Society, Interface
Publication statusAcceptance date - 29 Sep 2020

Keywords

  • hybrid modelling
  • stochastic reaction-diffusion
  • multiscale modelling
  • partial differential equation
  • hybrid modelling framework

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