Models with multiple discrete breaks in parameters are usually estimated via least squares. This paper, first, derives the asymptotic expectation of the residual sum of squares and shows that the number of estimated break points and the number of regression parameters affect the expectation differently. Second, we propose a statistic for testing the joint hypothesis that the breaks occur at specified points in the sample. Our analytical results cover models estimated by the ordinary, nonlinear, and two-stage least squares. An application to U.S. monetary policy rejects the assumption that breaks are associated with changes in the chair of the Fed.
Hall, A. R., Osborn, D. R., & Sakkas, N. (2017). The asymptotic behaviour of the residual sum of squares in models with multiple break points. Econometric Reviews, 36(6-9), 667-698. https://doi.org/10.1080/07474938.2017.1307523