|Title of host publication||The Oxford Handbook of Ethics of Artificial Intelligence|
|Editors||Markus Dubber, Frank Pasquale, Sunit Das|
|Publisher||Oxford University Press|
|Publication status||Acceptance date - 2019|
Artificial intelligence (AI) is a technical term often referring to artifacts used to detect contexts for human actions, or sometimes also for machines able to effect actions in response to detected contexts. Our capacity to build such artifacts has been increasing, and with it the impact they have on our society. This does not alter the fundamental roots or motivations of law, regulation, or diplomacy, which rest on persuading humans to behave in a way that provides sustainable security for humans. It does however alter nearly every other aspect of human social behaviour, including making accountability and responsibility potentially easier to trace. This chapter reviews the nature and implications of AI with particular attention to how they impinge on possible applications to and of law.