The 3-dimensional kinematics of the walking gait cycle of children aged between 10 and 24 months

Cross sectional and repeated measures

Paul N. Grimshaw, Pascual Marques-Bruna, Aki Salo, Neil Messenger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the 3-dimensional kinematics of 'normal' walking gait in young children. A cross sectional study using nine children aged between 10 and 24 months, filmed whilst walking at natural speed, was undertaken using two gen-locked video cameras. The children were at different stages of walking development (from 0.5 to 10 months of independent walking (IW)). Repeated measures were taken from two of the children at 10 and 17 months of age and then at 18 and 24 months respectively. 3-dimensional video digitisation techniques utilising the DLT algorithm were used to obtain variables of the gait cycle. The position and movement of the arms were identified as potential motor development patterns. Ranges of movement and motion patterns observed in other variables are useful to determine 'normal' walking gait in such young children. The knees and hips were flexed throughout the gait cycle. Inter-limb asymmetries were observed for the knee angle pattern and for the stance and swing phase time. The mean stance phase time and double support time were 4 and 15% (respectively) greater than in adult's gait. The findings of this study are useful as a guide to research, teaching and clinical professions in this area of biomechanics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7-15
Number of pages9
JournalGait & Posture
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1998

Fingerprint

Gait
Biomechanical Phenomena
Walking
Knee
Articular Range of Motion
Hip
Teaching
Arm
Extremities
Cross-Sectional Studies
Research

Keywords

  • Children
  • Cross-sectional measures
  • Kinematics
  • Repeated measures
  • Walking gait

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

The 3-dimensional kinematics of the walking gait cycle of children aged between 10 and 24 months : Cross sectional and repeated measures. / Grimshaw, Paul N.; Marques-Bruna, Pascual; Salo, Aki; Messenger, Neil.

In: Gait & Posture, Vol. 7, No. 1, 01.1998, p. 7-15.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Grimshaw, Paul N. ; Marques-Bruna, Pascual ; Salo, Aki ; Messenger, Neil. / The 3-dimensional kinematics of the walking gait cycle of children aged between 10 and 24 months : Cross sectional and repeated measures. In: Gait & Posture. 1998 ; Vol. 7, No. 1. pp. 7-15.
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