The 19-Item Environmental Knowledge Test (EKT-19): A short, psychometrically robust measure of environmental knowledge

Lois Player, Paul H. P. Hanel, Lorraine Whitmarsh, Punit Shah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Environmental knowledge is considered an important pre-cursor to pro-environmental behaviour. Though several tools have been designed to measure environmental knowledge, there remains no concise, psychometrically grounded measure. We validated an existing measure in a British sample, confirming that it had good one- and three-factor structures in line with previous literature. For the first time in this field, we built upon previous Classical Test Theory approaches and used discrimination values derived from Item Response Theory to select the best items, resulting in the 19-Item Environmental Knowledge Test (EKT-19). This measure retained a clear factor structure and had moderate-to-good internal reliability, indicating that it is a parsimonious and psychometrically robust measure for the assessment of overall and specific types of environmental knowledge. The theoretical implications and real-world applications of this measure are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere17862
Number of pages10
Issue number8
Early online date30 Jun 2023
Publication statusPublished - 9 Aug 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by a scholarship awarded to Lois Player from the EPSRC Centre for Doctoral Training in Advanced Automotive Propulsion Systems [project code: EP/S023364/1 ].

Data availability statement:
Data associated with this study has been deposited on the University of Bath Research Data Archive (


  • Environmental knowledge
  • Factor analysis
  • Item response theory
  • Psychometrics
  • Self-report


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